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Abstract Details

Bile Acids Metabolites as Predictors of long-term Multiple Sclerosis Progression
Multiple Sclerosis
S5 - COVID and MS Basic Science (4:06 PM-4:18 PM)
004

Bile acids have been suggested to be dysregulated in MS and have neuroprotective properties in vitro and in vivo. It is unknown whether serum levels of bile acid metabolites in early MS predict long-term disease progression.

To examine the association of serum levels of bile acid metabolites with multiple sclerosis (MS) progression.

In this prospective study, we measured primary and secondary bile acids in blood samples collected at baseline among the 468 participants in the BENEFIT clinical trial enrolled at the time of their clinically isolated syndrome. We used linear regression to examine the relationship of the bile acid metabolites with change in clinical disability (EDSS, MSFC) and radiological progression markers (T1-hypointense lesion volume, brain volume loss) to year 5. Bile acid concentrations were measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and were log transformed and standardized by sex. Models were adjusted for age, sex, initial treatment allocation, steroid treatment, multifocal symptoms, number of T2-lesions, and body mass index, and further for mean 25-hydroxyvitamin D and cigarette smoking as measured by repeated serum cotinine levels within the first 2 years from CIS. Investigations of other disease course markers and machine learning analyses are ongoing.

Higher levels of several primary and secondary bile acids were associated (p<0.05) with less deterioration in clinical disability as measured by EDSS (cholic acid, hyodeoxycholic acid) and MSFC (glycoursodeoxycholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid glycine conjugate, lithocholic acid glycine conjugate). Bile acids were not associated with radiological progression markers. Adjusting the multivariable models further for vitamin D and smoking did not change the results.

Preliminary results of this metabolomic study suggest a bile acid dysregulation in early MS that may predict clinical MS progression 5 years after the first clinical episode.

Authors/Disclosures
Marianna Cortese (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health)
PRESENTER
Dr. Cortese has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a speaker at educational event with Roche.
Kjetil Bjornevik (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health) The institution of Dr. Bjornevik has received research support from Michael J. Fox Foundation. The institution of Dr. Bjornevik has received research support from National Multiple Sclerosis Society. The institution of Dr. Bjornevik has received research support from Department of Defense.
No disclosure on file
Gilles Edan Gilles Edan has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Celgene. Gilles Edan has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck. Gilles Edan has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Biogen. Gilles Edan has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Merck.
Mark Freedman (University of Ottawa) Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Actelion(Janssen/J&J). Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for BiogenIdec. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for BMS/Celgene. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for EMD Inc. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sanofi-Genzyme. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Roche. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Actelion (Janssen/J&J). Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Atara Biotherapeutics. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Bayer Healthcare. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for BiogenIdec. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Clene Nanomedicine. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for GRI Bio. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Roche. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Magenta Therapeutics. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck Serono. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sanofi Genzyme. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Sanofi Genzyme. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for EMD Serono. The institution of Dr. Freedman has received research support from Sanofi Genzyme.
Hans-Peter Hartung (Heinrich Heine University Medical Faculty) Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for BMS Celgene. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Geneuro. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Bayer. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for TG Therapeutics. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Roche. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for Frontiers Neurology.
Xavier Montalban (Vall Hebron University Hospital-Multiple Sclerosis Centre of Catalonia) The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Merck/ EMD Serono. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Teva. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Hoffmann-La Roche. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Actelion/ Janssen. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for BMS/ Celgene. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sanofi/ Genzyme. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Actelion/ Janssen. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Biogen. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for BMS/ Celgene. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck/ EMD Serono. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Hoffmann-La Roche. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sanofi-Genzyme. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Immunic Therapeutics. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Viatris/ Mylan. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sandoz. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Biogen. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Hoffmann-La Roche. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Sanofi/ Genzyme. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Merck/ EMD Serono. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Novartis. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Teva Pharmaceuticals. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Actelion/ Janssen. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from BMS/ Celgene.
Rupert Sandbrink (LiSciCon) Dr. Sandbrink has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Topas Therapeutics. Dr. Sandbrink has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Vico Therapeutics. Dr. Sandbrink has received stock or an ownership interest from Forward Pharma. Dr. Sandbrink has received stock or an ownership interest from Topas Therapeutics. Dr. Sandbrink has received stock or an ownership interest from Vico Therapeutics. Dr. Sandbrink has received stock or an ownership interest from Bayer.
Ernst-Wilhelm Radue (Medical Image Analysis Center) Dr. Radue has nothing to disclose.
Frederik Barkhof (Image Analysis Center) Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Merck. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Combinostics. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for IXICO. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Janssen. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for EISAI.
Eva-Maria Wicklein (Bayer AG) Dr. Wicklein has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Bayer AG.
Ludwig Kappos (RC2NB, University Hospital Basel) The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Bayer. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Biogen. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Genentech. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Genzyme. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Janssen. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Merck Serono. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Minoryx. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Novartis. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Roche. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Sanofi. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Santhera. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Swiss MS Society, Swiss National Research Foundation, European Union, Roche Research Foundation, Innosuisse. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Shionogi. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Japan Tobacco. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Auriga Vision AG. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from EMD Serono. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Glaxo Smith Kline. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Wellmera AG. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Eli Lilly (Suisse) SA. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Bristol Myers Squibb. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Celltrion Inc. Dr. Kappos has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care.
Kassandra Munger (Harvard School of Public Health) Ms. Munger has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Biogen. The institution of Ms. Munger has received research support from Department of Defense.
Alberto Ascherio The institution of Dr. Ascherio has received research support from NIH and US Department of Defense .