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Abstract Details

A case of a 14 year old male with MOGAD (Myelin Oligocyte Glycoprotein Antibody Disease) post-COVID-19 infection responsive to high dose corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy
Autoimmune Neurology
P9 - Poster Session 9 (5:30 PM-6:30 PM)

The etiology of MOGAD post-COVID-19 infection is not well understood and there are limited publications describing cases in pediatric patients. Here we report a case of a 14-year-old male with MOG antibody positive ADEM (Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis) and positive COVID-19 PCR.

The patient presented to our hospital in December of 2020 with acute onset of ataxia and lower extremity weakness. His exam was pertinent for mild and symmetric weakness in bilateral hip flexors, dysmetria with ataxic gait, as well as bilateral patellar and ankle hyporeflexia. MRI brain showed symmetric areas of T2 signal hyperintensity, predominantly adjacent to the fourth ventricle as well as the peri-insular and frontal regions. MRI of the lumbosacral spine demonstrated T2 signal hyperintensity within the conus medullaris without enhancement. CSF studies revealed an increased white blood cell count of 74 (90% lymphocyte), elevated protein of 51, elevated kappa free light chain (0.12) and positive oligoclonal bands (3). He was also found to be serum anti-MOG antibody positive (1:100) and COVID-19 positive (PCR). He received 1000 mg of intravenous methylprednisolone daily for 5 days and 2 g/kg IVIG. He was subsequently placed on a 6 week taper of oral prednisone. 2 months after his initial presentation, his neurologic symptoms have completely resolved, and he has been asymptomatic since. Repeat MRI brain 4 months later showed improvement in his multifocal supratentorial FLAIR signal abnormalities.
Here we describe a case of a 14-year-old male with MOGAD post-COVID-19, with complete resolution of his symptoms after high dose corticosteroid and IVIG treatment.
Alfred Balasa, MD
Dr. Balasa has nothing to disclose.
No disclosure on file
Sara A. McGuire, MD Dr. McGuire has nothing to disclose.