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Abstract Details

Acute and Chronic Demyelinating Neuropathies following COVID-19 Vaccination: A Report of Four Cases
Neuromuscular and Clinical Neurophysiology (EMG)
P9 - Poster Session 9 (5:30 PM-6:30 PM)
11-008
Suspected COVID-19 vaccine-associated Guillain-Barre syndrome and other demyelinating conditions affecting the peripheral nervous system have been reported. The pathophysiologic basis of these associations, and that of vaccination-associated demyelinating neuropathies in general, has not been established.
To report demyelinating neuropathies following COVID-19 vaccination.
Case report
Four cases of acute and chronic demyelinating neuropathies following COVID-19 vaccination were seen at the University of Nebraska Medical Center from May to September 2021. All were males, ages 26-83 years old. Two received the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, one Moderna, and one Johnson & Johnson. Onset ranged from 2-21 days after the final dose of vaccination. The time from symptom onset to neurological evaluation ranged from 3 weeks to 4 months, during which symptoms progressed. All cases presented with progressive numbness, weakness, and areflexia in all limbs; two had difficulty walking. Severe facial diplegia was seen in two cases and other bulbar symptoms in one other case. Three cases had electrophysiologic studies confirming demyelination while one case had findings of subacute polyradiculopathies. Cerebrospinal fluid protein was elevated in two cases and normal in the others. No cases had other co-morbidities or histories suggesting an alternate diagnosis. The diagnosis was acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) in one case, chronic demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) in two, and subacute polyradiculopathies in one. The cases with AIDP and CIDP received treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin due to significant motor disability, while the case with subacute polyradiculopathies had spontaneous recovery within 8 weeks. Of the treated cases, two had significant improvement by outpatient follow-up at 2-4 weeks post-treatment and one has yet to follow up.
Continued identification and reporting of demyelinating neuropathies following COVID-19 vaccination is essential to determine whether a causative association is present. Prompt evaluation for alternative etiologies is vital and early treatment is recommended.
Authors/Disclosures
Erin Dennis, MD (UNMC)
PRESENTER
Dr. Dennis has nothing to disclose.
Elizabeth A. Hartman, MD An immediate family member of Dr. Hartman has stock in Amgen.
Nicolas W. Cortes-Penfield, MD Dr. Cortes-Penfield has nothing to disclose.
Ezequiel A. Piccione, MD, FAAN (UNMC) Dr. Piccione has nothing to disclose.
Pariwat Thaisetthawatkul, MD, FAAN (University of Nebraska Medical Center) Dr. Thaisetthawatkul has nothing to disclose.