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Abstract Details

Deep Mutational Scanning and High-throughput Functional Testing to Resolve Variants of Unknown Significance in Sarcoglycanopathies
Neuromuscular and Clinical Neurophysiology (EMG)
N4 - Neuroscience in the Clinic: Bridging Genetics to the Clinic in Neuromuscular Disease (3:35 PM-3:50 PM)
001
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies R3/R4/R5 are due to recessive mutations in SGCASGCB and SGCG.  Genetic variation identified within genetic test reports leads to diagnostic uncertainty.  Only 14% of missense variants in the sarcoglycan genes have been asserted as either benign or pathogenic; with the vast majority being "variants of unknown significance (VUS)."  VUS in LGMD genes leads to an under recognition of these diseases that have treatments within the pre-clinical pipeline. 
The goal of this study was to accurately predict the pathogenicity of all possible protein-coding genetic variation in genes causing sarcoglycanopathies. 
To help resolve VUSs, we performed Deep Mutational Scanning (DMS) to create lentiviral libraries of all possible coding variations in SGCASGCB and SGCG.  Using these libraries we performed high throughput and orthogonal functional screens in cells followed by sequencing to determine a functional score for each unique variant.  
We tested the effect of all possible coding variants in SGCB to obtain a functional score that predicts the pathogenicity of each genetic variant. The measured scores were perfectly predictive of known pathogenic and benign variants and out-performed all tested bioinformatic prediction algorithms. Validation studies of questionably pathogenic vs benign variants identified in patients support the robustness of our results.  Additionally, patient acquired clinical data demonstrated that our DMS functional score was quantitatively correlated with with disease onset and severity. 
In summary, we have generated a valuable resource or "look up table" of functionally defined pathogenic variants in sarcoglycan genes.  This type of approach can be utilized for other LGMD genes.  In the future these mutational libraries can be used to perform high throughput analysis in the presence and absence of small molecules that may elucidate variant specific therapies.
Authors/Disclosures
Gabriel Haller, PhD (Washington university)
PRESENTER
Dr. Haller has nothing to disclose.
Chengcheng Li, PhD Dr. Li has nothing to disclose.
Conrad Weihl, MD, PhD (Washington University in St. Louis) Dr. Weihl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sarepta. Dr. Weihl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Casma therapeutics. Dr. Weihl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Abata. Dr. Weihl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sarepta. Dr. Weihl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sarepta. Dr. Weihl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Acceleron. Dr. Weihl has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Expert Witness for Wilson Elser Moskowitz Edelman & Dicker LLP.