Log In

Forgot Password?

OR

Not a member? Continue as a nonmember.

Become a Member

By becoming a member of the AAN, you can receive exclusive information to help you at every stage of your career. Benefits include:

Join Now See All Benefits

Loading... please wait

Abstract Details

CD11c+ B cells Are Fundamentally Altered in Muscle-Specific Tyrosine Kinase Antibody Positive Myasthenia Gravis
Autoimmune Neurology
S5 - Autoimmune Neurology: NMOSD and MG, a Focus on Treatment Trials (2:48 PM-3:00 PM)
010
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a B cell-mediated autoimmune disease caused by antibodies that disrupt muscle-nerve communication resulting in muscle weakness. The majority of MG patients have mostly IgG1 and IgG3 antibodies against acetylcholine receptor (AChR-MG) and 5-8% have IgG4 antibodies against muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK-MG), resulting in variations in muscle weakness and treatment response. CD11c+ B cells are increased in autoimmune diseases and thought to be the precursors of antibody secreting cells. Understanding of this population of B cells may offer clues to the production of specific IgG subclasses.

We hypothesized CD11c+ B cells influence the development of distinct IgG-producing B cells in AChR-MG and MuSK-MG.

CD11c+ B cells were analyzed from AChR-MG (n=18), MuSK-MG (n=7), and control (n=12) subjects by flow cytometry. Gene expression analysis of ~800 immune-related genes was performed on CD11c+ and CD11c- B cells from 4 subjects per group.

CD11c+ B cells from all groups showed gene signatures associated with antibody-secreting cell development and activation of innate immune and T-cell signaling pathways, compared to CD11c- B cells. AChR-MG and control CD11c+ B cells shared phenotypic and molecular characteristics but were distinct from MuSK-MG. MuSK-MG subjects had lower frequencies of CD11c+ B cells with reduced expression of CD11c+ B cell markers T-bet, CD95, and FCRL5. Gene expression analysis showed more than 100 genes, including genes in pathways associated with IgG1 class switching, cytosolic DNA sensing, cytoxicity, and T cell differentiation were significantly downregulated in MuSK-MG CD11c+ B cells compared to AChR-MG.
The reduced population of CD11c+ B cell population in MuSK-MG patients along with the downregulation of genes associated with IgG1 class switching indicate an altered immune pathway is involved in the development of autoantibody producing cells. The mechanisms underlying the development of IgG1 in AChR-MG and IgG4 in MuSK-MG demonstrate these are two distinct diseases.
Authors/Disclosures
Patricia Sikorski, PhD (George Washington University)
PRESENTER
Dr. Sikorski has nothing to disclose.
Henry J. Kaminski, MD, FAAN (George Washington University) The institution of Dr. Kaminski has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Roche. Dr. Kaminski has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for UCB. Dr. Kaminski has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Cabaletta Bio. Dr. Kaminski has stock in ARC Biotechnology. The institution of Dr. Kaminski has received research support from National Institutes of Health. Dr. Kaminski has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care.
Linda Kusner An immediate family member of Linda Kusner has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for UCB. An immediate family member of Linda Kusner has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Roche. An immediate family member of Linda Kusner has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Caballeta Bio. An immediate family member of Linda Kusner has stock in ARC Biotech. The institution of Linda Kusner has received research support from National Institutes of Health. The institution of an immediate family member of Linda Kusner has received research support from National Institutes of Health.