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Abstract Details

Country-Wide Costs of Chronic Conditions Among Stroke Survivors in the United States
Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology
S3 - Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Population Health (2:36 PM-2:48 PM)

Stroke carries a heavy disease burden for patients and their families—both medically and financially. Although co-existing chronic conditions are frequent in stroke patients, their impact on health care expenditures has not been evaluated in stroke patients in the United States.

To examine the expenditures among stroke survivors with and without multiple chronic conditions.

Data from the 2003-2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) were used to compute the individual yearly healthcare costs of stroke patients in the U.S. general non-institutionalized population. We examined unadjusted and adjusted (incremental) cost (total direct healthcare, inpatient, outpatient, prescription medication, emergency room (ER) visit, home healthcare, and others) of stroke according to the number of multiple chronic conditions, MCC (0, 1, 2 or more) based on the 2010 MCC Chartbook.  

During the study period, on average 7,585,187 adults reported a history of stroke per year, of which 5.9% had no chronic condition, 13.8% had one chronic condition, and 80.3% had ≥2 chronic conditions. Each adult with stroke had a yearly total unadjusted mean expenditure of $8,413 for zero chronic condition, $10,377 for one chronic condition and $17,260 for two or more chronic condition. Compared to patients without chronic conditions, patients with two or more chronic conditions had $4,357 higher total incremental expenditure, $1,537 higher outpatient expenditure, $215 higher ER expenditure, and $2,030 higher prescription medications expenditures. Overall, total incremental expenditure for stroke with two or more chronic conditions was $26.5 billion a year higher than those without any chronic condition.

In the United States, eight of ten individuals with a history of stroke have ≥2 chronic conditions, corresponding to high healthcare expenditures, driven primarily by inpatient costs. Early and sustained treatment of these co-morbid conditions, will likely result in lower expenditures, but even more importantly, better clinical outcomes for stroke survivors.

Yunting Yu
Miss Yu has nothing to disclose.
Alain Zingraff Lekoubou Looti, MD (Penn StateHealth, Hershey Medical Center) Dr. Lekoubou Looti has nothing to disclose.
Kinfe Bishu Kinfe Bishu has nothing to disclose.
Bruce I. Ovbiagele, MD, MSc, FAAN (San Francisco VA) Dr. Ovbiagele has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Janssen. Dr. Ovbiagele has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for American Stroke Association. Dr. Ovbiagele has received research support from National Institutes of Health.