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Abstract Details

Pre-Treatment Cephalic Interictal Allodynia Predicts Outcome of Prophylactic Treatment of Chronic and Episodic Migraine Patients with Galcanezumab: A Prospective Quantitative Sensory Testing Study
Headache
S47 - Advances in Migraine Therapeutics (2:24 PM-2:36 PM)
008
Central sensitization imposes major hurdles for migraine treatment. The abnormal perception of pain and its induction by innocuous stimuli depends on enhanced excitability and responsivity of peripheral and central trigeminovascular neurons that feed into conscious perception of headache.
To investigate whether interictal allodynia may determine the migraine state, including the outcome of migraine prevention with galcanezumab.
Quantitative Sensory testing was used to determine whether it is possible to predict patients’ response to prophylactic treatment with galcanezumab, a monoclonal antibody against calcitonin gene-related peptide, based on presence or absence of cephalic and/or extracephalic allodynia during the pre-treatment interictal phase of migraine. The criteria used for allodynia was as follows: <40oC for heat, >20oC for cold and < 60g for mechanical.

We found that the incidence of pre-treatment cephalic interictal allodynia was 21% in the 24 responders (>50% decrease in monthly migraine days) and 85% in the 19 non-responders. The incidence of extracephalic interictal allodynia did not distinguish responders from non-responders while the incidence of cephalic interictal allodynia was similar in the chronic migraine and high-frequency episodic migraine groups.  The incidence of interictal allodynia was unrelated to the amount of time patients were headache-free before being tested.

The findings suggest that it is possible and simple to predict galcanezumab responders with nearly 80% accuracy and galcanezumab non-responders with nearly 85% accuracy. One can infer that the establishment of activity-independent central sensitization is unrelated to the frequency of migraine attacks or to the number of hour/days after the termination of the last attack or initiation of the next attack. It is possible that the interictal allodynia may be attributed to peripheral and central molecular, cellular and/or physiological properties of trigeminovascular neurons that are inherent to the genetic load of the individual rather than the pathophysiological state of disease.
Authors/Disclosures
Sait Ashina, MD (Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School )
PRESENTER
Dr. Ashina has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Eli Lilly. Dr. Ashina has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Allergan/Abbvie. Dr. Ashina has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Theranica. Dr. Ashina has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Linpharma. Dr. Ashina has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Satsuma. Dr. Ashina has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Teva. Dr. Ashina has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Lundbeck. Dr. Ashina has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Impel Neuropharma. Dr. Ashina has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Pfizer.
Agustin Melo Carrillo, MD, PhD (Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Harvard Medical School) Dr. Melo Carrillo has nothing to disclose.
Edina Szabo, PhD (Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School) Dr. Szabo has nothing to disclose.
David Borsook, MD,PhD No disclosure on file
Rami Burstein, PhD (Beth Isreal Deacones Medical Center) Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Allergan. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Eli Lilly. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Teva. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Amgen. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Biohaven. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Dr. Reddy. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Ipsen. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Neurolief. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Percept. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Teva. Dr. Burstein has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Theranica. The institution of Dr. Burstein has received research support from Allergan. The institution of Dr. Burstein has received research support from Teva. The institution of Dr. Burstein has received research support from Eli Lilly. The institution of Dr. Burstein has received research support from Dr. Reddy.