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Abstract Details

The Positive Effects of Aerobic Capacity on Fatigue are Mediated by Thalamic Nuclei in People With Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
S27 - MS Neuroimaging (2:24 PM-2:36 PM)
008

Fatigue is a common symptom in pwMS affecting mental and physical domains. Different factors including aerobic capacity, disability and cognitive impairment contribute to fatigue perception. The thalamus, with its nuclei related to motor and cognitive aspects, is involved in fatigue pathogenesis.

To identify associations between each thalamic nucleus and fatigue and to explore whether the effect of aerobic capacity on this symptom is mediated by the thalamus in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS).

In this cross-sectional analysis, 74 pwMS underwent a clinical evaluation with rating of Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), modified fatigue impact scale (MFIS) and symbol digit modalities test (SDMT); a cardiopulmonary exercise testing to assess maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and brain MRI to quantify global and thalamic nuclei volumes. A group of 47 sex-and-age-matched healthy controls (HC) was included for MRI data comparison, while a subgroup of HC (10) also presented VO2max values.

In pwMS, fatigue was associated with atrophy of left lateral-dorsal thalamic nucleus (r-value: -0.278, p≤0.018), with a stronger association with cognitive rather than physical fatigue. Worse fatigue (higher MFIS) was associated with lower VO2max (r-value:-0.263, p=0.027), higher EDSS (r-value:0.353, p=0.003) and lower SDMT (r-value:-0.353, p=0.003). The latter two were associated to a widespread pattern of atrophy within the thalamus. Lower VO2max was only associated to atrophy of the lateral-dorsal thalamic nuclei. In HC, higher aerobic capacity was associated with greater volume of the whole thalamus, pulvinar and ventral nuclei (r-value: from 0.674 to 0.714, p≤0.012). In pwMS, there was a significant indirect effect of aerobic capacity on fatigue through the volume of the left lateral-dorsal thalamic nucleus (b =-0.305, CI [-0.678,-0.005]).

Aerobic capacity exerts a positive effect on fatigue related to MS. This effect is mediated by the left lateral-dorsal thalamic nucleus.

Authors/Disclosures
Tetsu Morozumi, PT (IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele)
PRESENTER
Mr. Morozumi has nothing to disclose.
Matteo Albergoni, PT (Ospedale San Raffaele SRL (VAT: IT 07636600962)) Dr. Albergoni has nothing to disclose.
Elisabetta Pagani Elisabetta Pagani has nothing to disclose.
Paolo Preziosa (Ospedale San Raffaele) Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Bristol Myers Squibb . Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Sanofi Genzyme. Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Novartis. Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Roche. Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Merck.
Monica Margoni Monica Margoni has received research support from MAGNIMS. Monica Margoni has received research support from Merck-Serono. Monica Margoni has received research support from Sanofi-Genzyme.
Massimo Filippi, MD, FAAN (Ospedale San Raffaele, Neuroimaging Research Unit) Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion, Almirall, Biogen, Merck, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi;. Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion, Biogen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Merck, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi, Sanofi-Aventis, Sanofi- Genzyme, Takeda. Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Bayer, Biogen, Celgene, Chiesi Italia SpA, Eli Lilly, Genzyme, Janssen, Merck-Serono, Neopharmed Gentili, Novartis, Novo Nordisk, Roche, Sanofi, Takeda, and TEVA. Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for Springer Nature. The institution of Dr. Filippi has received research support from Biogen Idec, Merck-Serono, Novartis, Roche, the Italian Ministry of Health, the Italian Ministry of University and Research, and Fondazione Italiana Sclerosi Multipla.
Maria Assunta Rocca (Neuroimaging Research Unit) Maria Assunta Rocca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, Janssen, Roche. Maria Assunta Rocca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for AstraZaneca, Biogen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Bromatech, Celgene, Genzyme, Horizon Therapeutics Italy, Merck Serono SpA, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi and Teva. The institution of Maria Assunta Rocca has received research support from MS Society of Canada, the Italian Ministry of Health, the Italian Ministry of University and Research, and Fondazione Italiana Sclerosi Multipla.