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Abstract Details

Algorithm to Annotate Epileptiform Abnormalities in EEG Reports
Epilepsy/Clinical Neurophysiology (EEG)
P10 - Poster Session 10 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
9-002

EAs are important in seizure/epilepsy detection and in acute brain injury monitoring like delayed cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid hemorrhages (Kim et al., 2017; Chen et al., 2022, Punia et al., 2015). However, reviewing EEG reports is time-consuming and error-prone; thus, we created an algorithm for rapid EEG report EA annotation.

To create code that expedites the analysis of electroencephalography (EEG) reports by detecting and automatically tabulating epileptiform abnormalities (EAs).

We manually reviewed 1274 reports for EAs: seizures, sporadic epileptiform discharges, generalized and lateralized periodic discharges (GPDs, LPDs), lateralized rhythmic delta activity (LRDA), bilateral independent periodic discharges (BIPDs), brief potentially ictal rhythmic discharges (BIRDs), and bilateral independent rhythmic delta activity (BIRDA). We also reviewed for generalized rhythmic delta activity (GRDA). We compiled 104 positive and 240 negative phrases indicating EA+GRDA presence/absence, which were then used to build code that phrase matched and tabulated findings in each report. 80% of data was used for training, 20% for testing. Due to conflicts in reports and phrasing ambiguities, a “needs review” category was created for secondary manual review. 39 ambiguous phrases triggered this secondary review (ex: GRDA cannot be excluded).

The algorithm had 1.56% reports with errors identifying EAs+GRDA. 62.11% were accurately matched without need for secondary review. 36.33% were marked as needing review. Of those, 53.76% were marked for potential conflicts stating both the presence and the absence of an EA+GRDA, 26.88% for “periodic” or “rhythmic” term use without localization specified (generalized vs. lateralized), 2.15% for phrases that could indicate multiple forms of EAs+GRDA, requiring manual clarification, and 17.20% for a coding error (later rectified).

These results suggest that this algorithm can automate EAs+GRDA extraction and expedite review of EEG reports. This tool allows researchers to assess the relationship of EAs+GRDA in large datasets more easily in future research.

Authors/Disclosures
Rachel Sera Choi (Yale School of Medicine)
PRESENTER
Ms. Choi has nothing to disclose.
Puneet Kumar Uppal (Yale University School of Medicine) Mr. Uppal has nothing to disclose.
Yilun Chen (Yale University) Ms. Chen has nothing to disclose.
Emily Jean Gilmore, MD (Yale University School of Medicine) Dr. Gilmore has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for carpl.ai. Dr. Gilmore has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for AAN. Dr. Gilmore has received research support from NIH.
Lawrence J. Hirsch, MD, FAAN (Yale University Comprehensive Epilepsy Center) Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Ceribell. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for marinus. The institution of Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for UCB. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Accure. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Natus. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Neurelis. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Eisai. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Rafa Laboratories, Ltd. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Rapport Therapeutics. Dr. Hirsch has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care. Dr. Hirsch has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Speaker with Neuropace. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Speaker with Natus. Dr. Hirsch has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a speaker with UCB.
Adithya Sivaraju, MD (Yale New Haven Medical Center) Dr. Sivaraju has nothing to disclose.
M. Brandon Westover, MD, PhD (MGH) Dr. Westover has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Beacon Biosignals. Dr. Westover has stock in Beacon Biosignals. The institution of Dr. Westover has received research support from NIH. Dr. Westover has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care. Dr. Westover has a non-compensated relationship as a cofounder with Beacon Biosignals that is relevant to AAN interests or activities.
Jennifer A. Kim, MD (Yale University School of Medicine) Dr. Kim has nothing to disclose.