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Abstract Details

Serum Natalizumab and Anti-Natalizumab Antibody Concentrations May Be Useful in Patient Management
Multiple Sclerosis
P1 - Poster Session 1 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
3-002

NTZ is a monoclonal antibody directed against the a4-integrin subunit of a4b1 and a4b7 integrins.  NTZ is used to treat relapsing and remitting forms of multiple sclerosis. Although a majority of patients on standard dosing (intravenous 300 mg, every 4 weeks) reach therapeutic drug concentrations, about 10% of patients will eventually fail NTZ therapy due to the development of anti-NTZ antibodies.

Natalizumab (NTZ) and anti-natalizumab antibody concentrations in serum are used together to provide patient-specific pharmacokinetic and immunogenic assessment to aid in patient management.

Serum measurements of NTZ and anti-NTZ antibody levels are performed by novel lab developed electro-chemiluminescent immunoassays. The natalizumab drug assay is validated to measure free drug (pharmacodynamically active) level in serum.  The anti-natalizumab antibody assay is quantitative and drug-tolerant, meaning that circulating drug in patient serum does not interfere with anti-NTZ detection and quantitation.

Here, we report concomitant measurement of NTZ and anti-NTZ antibody in 160 patient serum samples.  Positive anti-NTZ levels from 24 to 235 ng/mL were found in 7.5% (12/160) patients. Anti-NTZ-free samples (148/160) had NTZ drug levels ranging from undetectable (<1.0) to 85 ug/mL. The mean and median drug level in 90 samples (results >1.0) was 10.8 and 2.7, respectively. 61/90 samples had therapeutic drug concentrations (at least 2.0 ug/mL). In the presence of anti-NTZ, 67% (8/12) had undetectable drug level and (4/12) had mean and median drug levels of 1.2 and 1.3, respectively, which is 9- or 2-fold lower than the mean and median drug levels of the anti-NTZ Ab -free group.  

Low serum NTZ and high anti-NTZ are associated with loss of clinical efficacy, while elevated NTZ may increase progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy risk.  Assays to measure biologic drugs and their anti-drug antibodies in patient serum may be useful tools in dose optimization and patient management.
Authors/Disclosures
Jane Yang, MD (Labcorp)
PRESENTER
Dr. Yang has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Labcorp.
Kelly Y. Chun, PhD (Labcorp) Dr. Chun has nothing to disclose.