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Abstract Details

Time-Varying Functional Connectivity of the Hippocampus Is Associated With Cognitive Performance in Multiple Sclerosis Patients
Multiple Sclerosis
P10 - Poster Session 10 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
3-014

The hippocampus has a key role in cognition. Hippocampal TVFC in MS needs to be further explored.

To explore hippocampal static (sFC) and time-varying functional connectivity (TVFC) and assess their association with cognition in multiple sclerosis (MS).
3T structural and resting-state (RS) functional MRI scans were acquired from 108 MS patients and 63 healthy controls (HC). Subjects underwent neuropsychological evaluation. Sliding-window correlation analysis using the left (L) and right (R) hippocampus as seed regions assessed TVFC, quantified by the standard deviation of connectivity across windows. Mean connectivity indicated sFC.
MS patients had decreased sFC vs HC between L hippocampus and temporo-parietal regions, and increased sFC between L and R hippocampus and thalamus, precuneus and superior frontal regions. TVFC was decreased in MS patients between L hippocampus and temporo-parietal regions. Conversely, TVFC was increased in MS patients between L and R hippocampus and L pre- and postcentral gyri, cuneus, orbitofrontal cortex and inferior temporal gyrus (ITG). In MS patients, better global cognition correlated with higher TVFC between L hippocampus and L pre- and postcentral gyri (r=0.21-0.28; p=0.04-0.006). Better verbal memory correlated with higher TVFC between L hippocampus and L precentral gyrus (r=0.21, p=0.03), and better visuospatial memory correlated with higher TVFC between L and R hippocampus and L cuneus, pre- and postcentral gyri and ITG (r=0.19-0.23, p=0.02-0.04). Better information processing speed correlated with higher TVFC between L hippocampus and L postcentral gyrus (r=0.21, p=0.03) and with higher sFC between R hippocampus and L superior frontal cortex (SFC) (r=0.21, p=0.03). Finally, better attention scores correlated with higher TVFC between L hippocampus and L temporal cortex (r=0.24, p=0.01) and with higher sFC between R hippocampus and L SFC (r=0.20, p=0.05).
Increased hippocampal connectivity contributed to explain better cognitive performances in MS, with a peculiar association between higher hippocampal TVFC and better memory scores.
Authors/Disclosures
Paolo Preziosa (Ospedale San Raffaele)
PRESENTER
Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Bristol Myers Squibb . Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Sanofi Genzyme. Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Novartis. Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Roche. Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Merck.
Monica Margoni Monica Margoni has received research support from MAGNIMS. Monica Margoni has received research support from Merck-Serono. Monica Margoni has received research support from Sanofi-Genzyme.
Paola Valsasina Paola Valsasina has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for ACCMED.
Olga Marchesi Olga Marchesi has nothing to disclose.
Carmen Vizzino Carmen Vizzino has nothing to disclose.
Damiano Mistri, MSC (Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele) Mr. Mistri has nothing to disclose.
Massimo Filippi, MD, FAAN (Ospedale San Raffaele, Neuroimaging Research Unit) Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion, Almirall, Biogen, Merck, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi;. Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion, Biogen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Merck, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi, Sanofi-Aventis, Sanofi- Genzyme, Takeda. Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Bayer, Biogen, Celgene, Chiesi Italia SpA, Eli Lilly, Genzyme, Janssen, Merck-Serono, Neopharmed Gentili, Novartis, Novo Nordisk, Roche, Sanofi, Takeda, and TEVA. Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for Springer Nature. The institution of Dr. Filippi has received research support from Biogen Idec, Merck-Serono, Novartis, Roche, the Italian Ministry of Health, the Italian Ministry of University and Research, and Fondazione Italiana Sclerosi Multipla.
Maria Assunta Rocca (Neuroimaging Research Unit) Maria Assunta Rocca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, Janssen, Roche. Maria Assunta Rocca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for AstraZaneca, Biogen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Bromatech, Celgene, Genzyme, Horizon Therapeutics Italy, Merck Serono SpA, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi and Teva. The institution of Maria Assunta Rocca has received research support from MS Society of Canada, the Italian Ministry of Health, the Italian Ministry of University and Research, and Fondazione Italiana Sclerosi Multipla.