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Abstract Details

Longitudinal Changes of Functional Connectivity Dynamism Are Relevant for Disability Worsening in Multiple Sclerosis: A 2.5-Year Study
Multiple Sclerosis
P10 - Poster Session 10 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
3-018
In MS patients, TVFC analysis showed abnormalities of the main functional networks, correlated with more severe clinical and cognitive disability. Preliminary evidence showed that MS-related cognitive decline was associated with progressive TVFC destabilization. However, the clinical relevance of longitudinal TVFC changes has not been investigated yet.
To investigate changes in time-varying functional connectivity (TVFC) over 2.5 years of follow-up in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and their association with disability progression.
3T-MRI scans and clinical evaluations were obtained at baseline and at median follow-up of 2.5 years from 129 right-handed MS patients (103 relapsing-remitting [RR] and 26 progressive [P]) and 28 matched healthy controls (HC). At 2.5-year follow-up, patients were classified as clinically stable/worsened according to their disability change. TVFC was quantified at voxel-wise level as the coefficient of variation (CoV) across sliding-windows of degree centrality.
At follow-up, 25/129 (19.3%) MS patients worsened clinically. At baseline, MS patients showed reduced TVFC vs HC in the bilateral orbitofrontal cortex (p<0.05, family-wise error corrected), left cerebellum, right precuneus and left thalamus. At 2.5-year follow-up, a widespread reduction of TVFC over time (p<0.05, family-wise error corrected) was found in MS patients in temporal, parietal, occipital and frontal lobes, as well as in the cerebellum. Such a pattern of TVFC reduction was also found when looking at clinically stable MS patients. Clinically worsened MS presented peculiar TVFC reductions in areas of the default-mode network and basal ganglia. Reduced TVFC in the left putamen in clinically worsened vs stable MS patients was significant at time x group interaction analysis.
After 2.5 years of follow-up, MS patients showed widespread TVFC reduction in cortical lobes and cerebellum. A peculiar involvement of deep grey matter was found in clinically worsened MS patients. Accrual of TVFC abnormalities in deep grey matter regions may represent a biological substrate of disability worsening. 
Authors/Disclosures
Paolo Preziosa (Ospedale San Raffaele)
PRESENTER
Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Bristol Myers Squibb . Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Sanofi Genzyme. Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Novartis. Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Roche. Mr. Preziosa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Merck.
Giulia D'Amore Dr. D'Amore has nothing to disclose.
Paola Valsasina Paola Valsasina has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for ACCMED.
Monica Margoni Monica Margoni has received research support from MAGNIMS. Monica Margoni has received research support from Merck-Serono. Monica Margoni has received research support from Sanofi-Genzyme.
Massimo Filippi, MD, FAAN (Ospedale San Raffaele, Neuroimaging Research Unit) Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion, Almirall, Biogen, Merck, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi;. Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion, Biogen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Merck, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi, Sanofi-Aventis, Sanofi- Genzyme, Takeda. Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Bayer, Biogen, Celgene, Chiesi Italia SpA, Eli Lilly, Genzyme, Janssen, Merck-Serono, Neopharmed Gentili, Novartis, Novo Nordisk, Roche, Sanofi, Takeda, and TEVA. Dr. Filippi has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for Springer Nature. The institution of Dr. Filippi has received research support from Biogen Idec, Merck-Serono, Novartis, Roche, the Italian Ministry of Health, the Italian Ministry of University and Research, and Fondazione Italiana Sclerosi Multipla.
Maria Assunta Rocca (Neuroimaging Research Unit) Maria Assunta Rocca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, Janssen, Roche. Maria Assunta Rocca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for AstraZaneca, Biogen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Bromatech, Celgene, Genzyme, Horizon Therapeutics Italy, Merck Serono SpA, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi and Teva. The institution of Maria Assunta Rocca has received research support from MS Society of Canada, the Italian Ministry of Health, the Italian Ministry of University and Research, and Fondazione Italiana Sclerosi Multipla.