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Abstract Details

Use of individual measure and Z-scores to monitor disease course in Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis: A 1-year Prospective Study in a Single Center
Multiple Sclerosis
P5 - Poster Session 5 (11:45 AM-12:45 PM)
Population-based standards of sNFL levels have been recently proposed to detect activity in pwRMS. However, sNFL levels are variable, and the exact algorithm to diagnose individual-based disease activity is not defined yet.
To assess the performance of individual serum neurofilament (sNFL) values vs. Z-score to monitor inflammation in persons with relapsing forms of MS (pwRMS)
A prospective cohort of 114 pwRMS were followed for 1 year. Clinical examination and sNFL assessment were performed and registered every three months. MRIs were performed annually. Baseline sNFL was the sNFL level measured at study inclusion in the absence of disease activity. Reference sNFL level was the lowest individual sNFL measure obtained during follow-up in the absence of disease activity. BMI-adjusted Z-score was registered for baseline, reference, and activity points. Non-parametric tests were used because data did not follow a normal distribution.
Median baseline sNFL levels were 6.85 (5.15 – 9.09); Z score 0.64 (-0.33 – 1.49). Median reference sNFL levels were 4.71 (4 – 5.87); Z score -0.36 (-1.13 – 0.42). Twenty-four patients (21.1%) had disease activity during follow-up. Median sNFL in these patients was 8.67 pg/ml (6.91 – 13) with an increase of 14.7% over the baseline level: 1.01 (-0.71 – 2.67; P = 0.66) and of 77% over the reference level: 3.63 (2.09 – 6.25; P = 0.001). Z-score during disease activity was 1.13 (0.45 – 2.27), overlapping with control levels in the population-based normogram. In our cohort, none of the individual sNFL measures or baseline Z-score predicted disease activity during the first year of follow-up, but patients with relapse at inclusion were more prone to have disease activity.

Establishment of an individual sNFL reference value in the first year of follow-up might help to better diagnose ongoing inflammation. Baseline sNFL was not as good comparator for this outcome.

Luis Rafael Solís-Tarazona, MD
Mr. Solís-Tarazona has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Novo Nordisk A/S.
Salma Reddam No disclosure on file
Sara Gil-Perotin, MD,PhD Dr. Gil-Perotin has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck.