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Abstract Details

Serum metabolic profile in early multiple sclerosis as predictor of long-term disease progression in BENEFIT
Multiple Sclerosis
P5 - Poster Session 5 (11:45 AM-12:45 PM)
3-013
Single metabolites have been suggested to be dysregulated in MS, however, it is unknown whether serum metabolites in early MS predict long-term outcomes.
To examine whether serum metabolite levels measured at clinical onset of multiple sclerosis (MS) are associated with long-term disease activity and progression.
We conducted a prospective study among 276 participants enrolled in the BENEFIT study at the time of their clinically isolated syndrome and followed them for 11 years. We measured 552 known metabolites in serum samples collected at baseline using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Concentrations were log-transformed and standardized by sex. Using elastic net logistic regression with 5-fold cross-validation, we integrated data on all metabolites to identify a metabolic signature predictive of changes in clinical/radiological measures from month 6 to year 11 (above median changes), indicating worse MS progression. Models were adjusted for age, sex, treatment allocation, steroid use, multifocal symptom onset, number of T2 lesions, and body mass index at baseline, and further for mean 25-hydroxyvitamin D and smoking based on repeated serum cotinine levels within the first 2 years from CIS.
We identified metabolic signatures indicating a worse outcome by year 11 for total relapses (number of metabolites: 12), T2 lesion volume (24), brain volume (40), EDSS (7), and MSFC (14). The signatures were similar when accounting for vitamin D and smoking. When including the top 10 contributing metabolites according to variable importance in the projection score in multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models, we found them to be moderately predictive of worse disease activity and progression at year 11 (AUCs ranging from 0.55 to 0.7). 
These results suggest that metabolic signatures in early MS may moderately add to the predictive value of known predictors.
Authors/Disclosures
Marianna Cortese, MD, PhD (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health)
PRESENTER
Dr. Cortese has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a speaker at educational event with Roche.
Xiaojing Peng Ms. Peng has nothing to disclose.
Kjetil Bjornevik, MD, PhD (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health) The institution of Dr. Bjornevik has received research support from Michael J. Fox Foundation. The institution of Dr. Bjornevik has received research support from National Multiple Sclerosis Society. The institution of Dr. Bjornevik has received research support from Department of Defense.
Clary B. Clish The institution of Clary B. Clish has received research support from NIH. Clary B. Clish has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a grant reviewer with NIH.
Gilles Edan Gilles Edan has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Celgene. Gilles Edan has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck. Gilles Edan has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Biogen. Gilles Edan has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Merck.
Mark S. Freedman, MD, FAAN (University of Ottawa) Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Actelion(Janssen/J&J). Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for BiogenIdec. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for BMS/Celgene. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for EMD Inc. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sanofi-Genzyme. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Roche. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Actelion (Janssen/J&J). Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Atara Biotherapeutics. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Bayer Healthcare. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for BiogenIdec. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Clene Nanomedicine. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for GRI Bio. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Roche. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Magenta Therapeutics. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck Serono. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sanofi Genzyme. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Sanofi Genzyme. Dr. Freedman has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for EMD Serono. The institution of Dr. Freedman has received research support from Sanofi Genzyme.
Hans-Peter Hartung, MD, FAAN (Heinrich Heine University Medical Faculty ) Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for BMS Celgene. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Geneuro. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Bayer. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for TG Therapeutics. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Roche. Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for Frontiers Neurology.
Xavier Montalban, MD, PhD, FAAN (Vall Hebron University Hospital-Multiple Sclerosis Centre of Catalonia) The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Merck/ EMD Serono. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Teva. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Hoffmann-La Roche. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Actelion/ Janssen. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for BMS/ Celgene. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sanofi/ Genzyme. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Actelion/ Janssen. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Biogen. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for BMS/ Celgene. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck/ EMD Serono. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Hoffmann-La Roche. Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sanofi-Genzyme. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Immunic Therapeutics. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Viatris/ Mylan. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sandoz. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Biogen. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Hoffmann-La Roche. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Sanofi/ Genzyme. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Merck/ EMD Serono. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Novartis. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Teva Pharmaceuticals. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from Actelion/ Janssen. The institution of Dr. Montalban has received research support from BMS/ Celgene.
Rupert Sandbrink, MD, PhD (LiSciCon) Dr. Sandbrink has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Topas Therapeutics. Dr. Sandbrink has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Vico Therapeutics. Dr. Sandbrink has received stock or an ownership interest from Forward Pharma. Dr. Sandbrink has received stock or an ownership interest from Topas Therapeutics. Dr. Sandbrink has received stock or an ownership interest from Vico Therapeutics. Dr. Sandbrink has received stock or an ownership interest from Bayer.
Ernst-Wilhelm Radue, MD (Medical Image Analysis Center) Dr. Radue has nothing to disclose.
Frederik Barkhof, MD, PhD (Image Analysis Center) Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Merck. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Combinostics. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for IXICO. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Janssen. Frederik Barkhof has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for EISAI.
Eva-Maria Wicklein, MD (Bayer AG) Dr. Wicklein has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Bayer AG.
Ludwig Kappos, MD, FAAN ( RC2NB, University Hospital Basel) The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Bayer. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Biogen. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Genentech. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Genzyme. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Janssen. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Merck Serono. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Minoryx. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Novartis. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Roche. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Sanofi. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Santhera. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Swiss MS Society, Swiss National Research Foundation, European Union, Roche Research Foundation, Innosuisse. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Shionogi. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Japan Tobacco. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Auriga Vision AG. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from EMD Serono. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Glaxo Smith Kline. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Wellmera AG. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Eli Lilly (Suisse) SA. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Bristol Myers Squibb. The institution of Dr. Kappos has received research support from Celltrion Inc. Dr. Kappos has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care.
Kassandra L. Munger (Harvard School of Public Health) Ms. Munger has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Biogen. The institution of Ms. Munger has received research support from Department of Defense.
Alberto Ascherio, MD, PhD The institution of Dr. Ascherio has received research support from NIH and US Department of Defense .