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Abstract Details

Efgartigimod Demonstrates Consistent Improvements in Generalized Myasthenia Gravis Patients of Shorter Disease Duration
Autoimmune Neurology
P1 - Poster Session 1 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
6-015

In the ADAPT study, efgartigimod (a human IgG1 antibody Fc-fragment that reduces pathogenic autoantibody and total IgG levels through neonatal Fc receptor blockade) was well tolerated and effective in a broad gMG population.

Assess efficacy of efgartigimod in anti-AChR autoantibody positive (AChR-Ab+) patients with generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG) early in their disease and management course.

Efgartigimod 10 mg/kg or placebo was administered intravenously in cycles of 4 weekly infusions, with subsequent cycles initiated based on clinical evaluation. Efficacy assessment included Myasthenia Gravis Activities of Daily Living (MG-ADL) and Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis (QMG) scales, with response defined as ≥2-point (MG-ADL) or ≥3-point (QMG) improvement for ≥4 consecutive weeks, occurring ≤1 week after last infusion. This analysis assessed responder status and minimal symptom expression (MSE; MG-ADL 0 or 1) in subgroups of AChR-Ab+ patients with <3 years and ≥6 years disease duration.

In patients with <3 years disease duration, 78.6% (n=11/14) efgartigimod-treated vs 23.5% (n=4/17) placebo-treated were MG-ADL responders (95% CI, 25.6–84.5) during cycle 1. In patients with ≥6 years disease duration, the proportion of MG-ADL responders was 56.8% (n=21/37) for efgartigimod-treated and 21.9% (n=7/32) for placebo-treated patients (95% CI, 13.4-56.3). Similar results were observed in proportion of QMG responders between efgartigimod- and placebo-treated patients among <3 and ≥6-year subgroups. Additionally, 42.9% (n=6/14) of patients with <3 years disease duration and 40.5% (n=15/37) of patients with ≥6 years disease duration receiving efgartigimod were able to achieve MSE compared with 12.5% (n=2/16) and 9.4% (n=3/32) of those receiving placebo, respectively. Adverse events were mostly mild-moderate and included headache, nasopharyngitis, nausea, diarrhea, and upper respiratory/urinary tract infection.

A greater percentage of patients early in their disease course (<3 years disease duration) treated with efgartigimod were responders and achieved MSE compared with placebo.

Authors/Disclosures
Edward Brauer
PRESENTER
Edward Brauer has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of argenx. Edward Brauer has stock in argenx.
Vera Bril, MD (Toronto General Hospital) Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for UCB. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for CSL. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alnylam. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Janssen. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Grifols. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Takeda. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Octapharma. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Pfizer. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Powell Mansfield. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Akcea. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Ionis. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Immunovant. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sanofi. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Roche. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Momenta (now J&J). Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for NovoNordisk. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Takeda. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Immunovant. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Akcea. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sanofi. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alnylam. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for CSL. Dr. Bril has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Argenx. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from UCB. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Argenx. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Momenta (now J&J). The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Immunovant. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Alexion. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Takeda. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Grifols. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from CSL. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Octapharma. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Akcea. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Ionis. The institution of Dr. Bril has received research support from Viela Bio (now Horizon). Dr. Bril has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care.
Tuan Hoang Vu, MD (University of South Florida) Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Dianthus. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for ImmunAbs. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for ARGENX. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for UCB. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Alexion. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for CSL Behring. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for AbbVie. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $50,000-$99,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Argenx. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for MedScape. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from CSL Behring. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Alexion. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from RA Pharma/UCB. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Mitsubishi Tanaka. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Mass Gen Hospital/Healy Platform Study. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Amylyx Pharma. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from ARGENX. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Alector. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Annexon. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Apellis. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Cytokinetics. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Sanofi. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Horizon. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Woolsey Pharma. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from CSL Behring. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Cartesian Therapeutics. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Janssen/Momenta.
Rene Kerstens, Other (Argenx BVBA) Mr. Kerstens has received personal compensation in the range of $100,000-$499,999 for serving as a Consultant for Argenx.
James F. Howard, Jr., MD, FAAN (The University of North Carolina, Dept of Neurology, CB 7025) Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for arenx . Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion Pharmaceuticals. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Ra Pharma (now UCB Biosciences). Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Horizon Therapeutics. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sanofi US. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Academic CME. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for PeerView CME. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Platform Q CME. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Zai Laboratories. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Medscape CME. Dr. Howard has stock in General Electric dividends. Dr. Howard has stock in Johnson & Johnson dividends. Dr. Howard has stock in Pfizer dividends. An immediate family member of Dr. Howard has stock in GlaxoSmithKline dividends. An immediate family member of Dr. Howard has stock in GE Healthcare dividends. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from Alexion Pharmaceuticals. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from argenx . The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from UCB Biosciences. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from NIH. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from Centers for Disease Control/Research Triangle Institute. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from Duke University (DCRI). The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from Cartestian Therapeutics. Dr. Howard has a non-compensated relationship as a Scientific Advisiory Board member, Committee member with Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Howard has a non-compensated relationship as a Committee member with American Assoc Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine that is relevant to AAN interests or activities.
In Collaboration With ADAPT-SC Investigator Study Group No disclosure on file