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Abstract Details

Ibrutinib in Anti-MAG Neuropathy with Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Autoimmune Neurology
P10 - Poster Session 10 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
6-010
Anti- myelin associated glycoprotein (MAG) neuropathy constitutes 5% of CIDP like presentation and is a disabling paraproteinemic neuropathy with variable response to treatment.
NA
69-year-old male with eleven-year history of tingling in the hands and then feet presented with worsening dexterity and numbness in 2012. Examination showed distal wasting, weakness of toe and ankle movements, length dependent pan sensory loss, and plantar flexion, wide-based gait and absent reflexes. Nerve conduction studies (NCS) showed primary demyelinating length dependent polyneuropathy. Work up revealed IgM monoclonal gammopathy and anti MAG antibody titer of 66,000. He was diagnosed with  Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia (WM). Initial treatment with IVIg showed minimal response.  Symptoms stabilized on Rituximab between 2013 and 2016 and treatment was temporarily stopped. In January 2020 due to re-emergence of symptoms, Rituximab was restarted But he continued to worsen. Repeat NCS/EMG in 2021 did not show improvement.  Ibrutinib was started in April 2022 due to electroclinical worsening of neuropathy, but he has not had a clinical response. His IgM gammopathy has resolved although his kappa/lambda ratio and anti-MAG titer remain elevated. We plan on repeat NCS/EMG and ultrasound of the peripheral nerve for further characterization and assessment of the neuropathy. 

 

Rituximab, currently the most commonly prescribed treatment for anti-MAG neuropathy, provides benefit in less than 50% of patients. Smaller studies show efficacy of Ibrutinib in anti-MAG antibody neuropathy. Our patient tolerated Ibrutinib but failed to show clinical improvement.  Anti-MAG antibody titers do not correlate with severity of disease or with paraprotein levels, and the mechanism of action of Ibrutinib in anti-MAG neuropathy is not well understood. The lymphoplasmacytes producing anti-MAG antibodies may have a survival advantage, explaining refractoriness of anti-MAG neuropathy to treatment. 

  

 

Larger studies are needed to understand the efficacy of Ibrutinib. Drugs targeting anti-MAG antibodies and lymphoplasmacytes need to be developed.  

Authors/Disclosures
Zabeen Kaizar Mahuwala, MD, FAAN (University of Kentucky, KY Clinic Neurology Department)
PRESENTER
Dr. Mahuwala has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for alexion. The institution of Dr. Mahuwala has received research support from UCB, . The institution of Dr. Mahuwala has received research support from Alexion . The institution of Dr. Mahuwala has received research support from argenx . The institution of Dr. Mahuwala has received research support from immunovant.
Vishakhadatta Mathur Kumaraswamy, MD (University of Kentucky) The institution of Dr. Mathur Kumaraswamy has received research support from Woolsey Pharmaceuticals.
Mangayarkarasi Thandampallayam Ajjeya, MBBS Dr. Thandampallayam Ajjeya has nothing to disclose.
Saniya Pervin, MD Dr. Pervin has nothing to disclose.