Log In

Forgot Password?

OR

Not a member? Continue as a nonmember.

Become a Member

By becoming a member of the AAN, you can receive exclusive information to help you at every stage of your career. Benefits include:

Join Now See All Benefits

Loading... please wait

Abstract Details

Biomarkers of Neuronal and Glial Injury in Leucine-Rich Glioma Inactivated-1 (LGI1) Autoimmune Encephalitis Patients: A Pilot Study
Autoimmune Neurology
P5 - Poster Session 5 (11:45 AM-12:45 PM)
6-013
Markers of neuronal and glial injury and have been adapted for monitoring disease activity and severity in individuals with various neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disorders. Currently, there is a lack of biomarkers that inform on disease activity, prognosis, and treatment in LGI1-AIE.
To examine concentrations of plasma-based biomarkers obtained from leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1) autoimmune encephalitis (AIE) patients and compare to healthy controls (HC).
Neurofilament light (NfL), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL-13) levels in LGI1-AIE and HC participants will be compared in plasma samples using Quanterix SR-XTM SIMOA. Plasma concentration of NFL, GFAP and CXCL-13 will be longitudinally evaluated and correlated with clinical outcome measures using mixed model regression.
Twelve LGI1-AIE patients, seven of whom have longitudinal collections, have samples collected to date. Preliminary results for 4 longitudinal plasma samples from LGI1-AIE patients (mean age 70.9, 50% female) were analyzed with initial collection at diagnosis showing a mean NfL (17.0 pg/mL), GFAP (110.5 pg/mL), and CXCL-13 (106.9 pg/mL). Comparing samples longitudinally over 18-24 months showed an overall decrease over time with mean NfL (8.7 pg/mL), GFAP (115.9 pg/mL) and CXCL-13 (41.7 pg/mL).  This was compared to our 33 HC cohort (mean age 46.3, 69% female), mean NfL (6.8 pg/mL), GFAP (68.2 pg/mL, and CXCL-13 (65.4 pg/mL). Biomarker analysis on additional LGI1-AIE patients is ongoing including exploratory evaluation of synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP25) on CSF samples.
Preliminary results show NfL, GFAP, and CXCL-13 levels are higher in LGI1-AIE at the time of their disease onset versus HCs. All biomarkers in LGI1-AIE patients showed a trend of decreasing concentrations over time, with the most robust reduction seen in CXCL-13 levels.
Authors/Disclosures
Tyler Lee Borko, BA, EMT-IV (University of Colorado)
PRESENTER
Mr. Borko has nothing to disclose.
Christopher Steven Mizenko (University of Colorado) Mr. Mizenko has nothing to disclose.
Ryan Kammeyer, MD (Childrens Hospital Colorado) The institution of Dr. Kammeyer has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sanofi-Genzyme. Dr. Kammeyer has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as an Expert Witness for Ogborn-Mihm Trial Lawyers. The institution of Dr. Kammeyer has received research support from Rocky Mountain Multiple Sclerosis Center.
Alanna Marie Ritchie (UC Denver AMC) Mrs. Ritchie has nothing to disclose.
Sean Selva Sean Selva has nothing to disclose.
Britney Barrera (CU Anschutz Neurology) Ms. Barrera has nothing to disclose.
Brooke L. Valdez, Other (University of Colorado) Ms. Valdez has a non-compensated relationship as a Valdez with The Rocky Mountain MS Center non-profit partner that is relevant to AAN interests or activities.
Stefan Sillau The institution of Stefan Sillau has received research support from Alzheimer's Association. The institution of Stefan Sillau has received research support from Hewitt Family Foundation; State of Colorado. The institution of Stefan Sillau has received research support from PCORI. The institution of Stefan Sillau has received research support from NINR. The institution of Stefan Sillau has received research support from Michael J. Fox Foundation. The institution of Stefan Sillau has received research support from Department of Defense. The institution of Stefan Sillau has received research support from Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. The institution of Stefan Sillau has received research support from Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation. Stefan Sillau has a non-compensated relationship as a Statistician with Novartis that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Stefan Sillau has a non-compensated relationship as a Statistician with Biogen that is relevant to AAN interests or activities.
Gregory Owens, PhD No disclosure on file
Timothy L. Vollmer, MD, FAAN (University of Colorado) The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen IDEC. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Genentech/Roche. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Siranax. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Celgene. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for EMD Serono. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Bristol Meyers Squib. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Viela Bios. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received research support from Rocky Mountain MS Center. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received research support from Biogen. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received research support from Actelion. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received research support from Genentech/Roche. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received research support from Anokion. The institution of Dr. Vollmer has received research support from TG Therapeutics.
Kavita Nair, PhD, FAAN (University of Colorado) Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Bristol Meyers Squibb. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for PhRMA Foundation. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Genentech. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for TG Therapeutics. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for MJH Healthcare. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sanofi. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for EMD Serono. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Horizon. Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Anylam . Dr. Nair has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Sanofi-Genzyme. The institution of Dr. Nair has received research support from Genentech. The institution of Dr. Nair has received research support from Novartis. The institution of Dr. Nair has received research support from Genentech. The institution of Dr. Nair has received research support from Phrma Foundation. The institution of Dr. Nair has received research support from Bristol Meyers Squibb. The institution of Dr. Nair has received research support from Novartis. The institution of Dr. Nair has received research support from NINDS.
Jeffrey L. Bennett, MD, PhD, FAAN (University of Colorado School of Medicine) Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Horizon Therapeutics. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Genentech. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for TG Therapeutics. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Reistone Bio. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Roche. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Chugai. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Mitsubishi Tanabe. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for EMD Serono. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for ImCyse. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Beigene. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Clene Nanomedicine. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Roche. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Alexion. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Expert Witness for Podoll. Dr. Bennett has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Expert Witness for Patterson. The institution of Dr. Bennett has received research support from Novartis. The institution of Dr. Bennett has received research support from Alexion. Dr. Bennett has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care. Dr. Bennett has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care.
Amanda Lee Piquet, MD, FAAN (University of Colorado) The institution of Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Genentech. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for UCB. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for EMD Serono. Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Genentech. Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Genentech. Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as an Expert Witness for Sands Anderson PC. Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Expert Witness for Joe Jones Law Firm. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received research support from Rocky Mountain MS Center. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received research support from Novartis. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received research support from Abbvie. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received research support from Roche/Genentech. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received research support from NYU. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received research support from Anokion. The institution of Dr. Piquet has received research support from UCB . The institution of Dr. Piquet has received research support from Foundation for Sarcoidosis. Dr. Piquet has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care. Dr. Piquet has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care. Dr. Piquet has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Litigative Consultant with US-Dept HHS/DICP. Dr. Piquet has a non-compensated relationship as a Medical Advisory Board Member with Autoimmune Encephalitis Alliance (AEA) that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Piquet has a non-compensated relationship as a Medical Advisory Board Member with Stiff Person Syndrome Research Foundation (SPSRF) that is relevant to AAN interests or activities.