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Abstract Details

Monitoring Faciobrachial Dystonic Seizures with Wearable Devices
Autoimmune Neurology
P5 - Poster Session 5 (11:45 AM-12:45 PM)
6-015
Detection of FBDS in patients with Leucine-rich glioma inactivated-1 (LGI1-IgG) associated autoimmune encephalitis is challenging due to high event frequency and lack of a robust EEG correlate. Wearable devices may provide a convenient, noninvasive means to measure these events and provide an objective seizure diary. 
This study sought to assess whether faciobrachial dystonic seizures (FBDS) can be reliably identified and differentiated from normal nocturnal arousals using a wrist-worn device.    
Two LGI1-IgG seropositive patients (P1 and P2) and four control subjects, wearing Empatica E4 devices, were recruited for this study. Two eight-hour sleep periods of each patient: pre- and post-treatment, were analyzed. An algorithm was developed based on accelerometry (ACC) signals to detect events of interest. After event identification, we calculated the ACC magnitude, duration, and electrodermal activity (EDA) characteristics of detected events. Presently, we are actively expanding the patient cohort and are investigating machine learning methods to improve the accuracy of event detection. 

Statistically significant differences were found in device signals pre- and post-treatment, and between FBDS events in LGI1-IgG and nocturnal arousals in control subjects. 

The frequency of actigraphy events was higher in both patients (P1: pre-treatment 13.93±3.82 ev/h, post-treatment 9.66±3.37 ev/h; P2: pre-treatment 26.21±13.16 ev/h, post-treatment 29.06±9.79 ev/h), than controls (3.47±2.77 ev/h). 

For ACC magnitude and event duration, the medians were lower post-treatment and significantly lower for ACC magnitude in P2. Post-treatment, significant differences were only observed between controls and P1. 

For EDA activity, tonic and phasic components for controls were significantly lower than for patients pre-treatment. Additionally, means and medians decreased post-treatment in both patients. 

Robust characteristics were identified in actigraphy and EDA signals from a wrist-worn device during FBDS events. This evidence suggests an accurate monitor can be developed to automatically detect FBDS, providing objective measurements for treatment guidance and clinical decisions.  
Authors/Disclosures
Benjamin Henry Brinkmann, PhD (Mayo Clinic)
PRESENTER
Dr. Brinkmann has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for Otsuka Pharmaceuticals. Dr. Brinkmann has stock in Cadence Neuroscience. The institution of Dr. Brinkmann has received research support from Epilepsy Foundation of America. The institution of Dr. Brinkmann has received research support from National Institutes of Health. The institution of Dr. Brinkmann has received research support from National Institutes of Health. The institution of Dr. Brinkmann has received research support from UNEEG A/S. The institution of Dr. Brinkmann has received research support from Seer Medical Pty. Dr. Brinkmann has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care. Dr. Brinkmann has a non-compensated relationship as a Co-Investigator with Medtronic Inc. that is relevant to AAN interests or activities.
Richard Cui, PhD (Mayo Clinic) Dr. Cui has nothing to disclose.
Louis Faust, PhD (Mayo Clinic) Dr. Faust has nothing to disclose.
Boney Joseph (Mayo Clinic) Boney Joseph has nothing to disclose.
Divyanshu Dubey, MD, FAAN (Mayo Clinic) The institution of Dr. Dubey has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Argenx. Dr. Dubey has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Moffit Cancer Center . Dr. Dubey has received research support from Department of Defense . Dr. Dubey has received research support from Department of Defense . Dr. Dubey has received research support from UCB. Dr. Dubey has received research support from David J. Tomassoni ALS Research Grant Program . Dr. Dubey has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care. Dr. Dubey has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care. Dr. Dubey has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care. Dr. Dubey has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care.