Cholinergic deficit is a major feature in patients with Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies. Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s patients can have impairments in interval timing, or the ability to control movements in time. Timing is preserved across mammalian species, and timing tasks require subjects to estimate an interval of several seconds. These tasks require attention to time and working memory for temporal rules. Mice receiving scopolamine, a cholinergic inhibitor, perform poorly during timing tasks. Interval timing involves medial prefrontal cortical areas that receive prominent cholinergic input; our recent work showed that scopolamine impairs interval timing through disrupting stimulus-processing rather than temporal processing in the medial prefrontal cortex. However, it is unclear whether basal forebrain cholinergic neuron activation could improve timing performance.