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Abstract Details

Feasibility of Neurofilament Light Chain as a Blood-Based Biomarker for Screening Across Neurological Diseases
Aging, Dementia, Cognitive, and Behavioral Neurology
P10 - Poster Session 10 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
7-002

Elevated pNfL is a marker of neuroaxonal injury in neurodegenerative diseases. However, no threshold has been established for clinically meaningful pNfL elevations for use as a routine screening tool in primary care settings. 

To assess the utility of plasma neurofilament light chain (pNfL) as a biomarker of neurodegenerative diseases using a fixed threshold for screening in clinical practice.

For this post hoc analysis, baseline pNfL levels were analyzed from Phase III studies of patients with Stage I or II Huntington’s disease (HD; NCT03664804; n=89), prodromal to mild Alzheimer’s disease (AD; NCT03114657; n=1124), early Parkinson’s disease (PD; NCT03100149; n=270) and a cohort of healthy controls (HC; n=690) using the Elecsys platform, and among patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS; NCT01194570; n=498) and an HC cohort (n=117) using the Quanterix pNfL Advantage kit. Median ± IQR unadjusted pNfL levels were calculated, and differences from median HC levels were determined for disease cohorts.

In patients with HD, pNfL levels were elevated 12.9-fold over the HC median level. pNfL levels were elevated to a lesser extent in patients with AD (1.5-fold) and were slightly lower than HCs among patients with early PD (0.9-fold). Among patients with PPMS, pNfL levels were elevated 1.8-fold over the HC median. For all disease cohorts except HD, pNfL IQRs overlapped with those of HCs.

Elevated pNfL levels vs HCs were observed among HD, AD, and PPMS cohorts but not in early PD, consistent with previous reports. However, no clinically meaningful threshold using a fixed cutoff for pNfL elevation across neurodegenerative diseases could be established. The findings from this study, the first to evaluate pNfL levels from clinical trials across multiple neurological diseases, support further investigation of the clinical utility of pNfL as a neurological screen in primary care.

Authors/Disclosures
Briana Cameron, PhD (Genentech)
PRESENTER
Dr. Cameron has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Genentech. Dr. Cameron has stock in Genentech.
Anisha Patel, PhD (Genentech Inc.) Dr. Patel has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Genentech. An immediate family member of Dr. Patel has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Google. Dr. Patel has stock in Genentech Inc.. An immediate family member of Dr. Patel has stock in Google.
Bryan Cobb, PhD, FACMGG (Genentech) Dr. Cobb has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Genentech. Dr. Cobb has stock in Roche. Dr. Cobb has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care.
Ivonne Suridjan No disclosure on file
Nikki Win Nikki Win has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Genentech. Nikki Win has stock in Genentech .