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Abstract Details

Cranial ultrasound image acquisition in a moving ambulance feasibility for pre-hospital EMS applications: A review of literature
Neuro Trauma and Critical Care
P10 - Poster Session 10 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
1-004

Ultrasound is an invaluable resource for rapid diagnosis in the hospital setting. With the advent of handheld devices, it is an ideal imaging modality in the prehospital setting. It is affordable, easily placed on ambulances, and now within the scope of non-physician emergency medical providers. Data demonstrates that earlier intervention is key to improving patient outcomes with intracranial pathologies like hemorrhage. Ultrasound could play a vital role in the early detection and treatment of intracranial pathologies in the prehospital setting. 


Investigate available literature for the use of prehospital ultrasound for neurological indications.
A systematic literature review was completed to find studies examining the role of point-of-care ultrasound in the prehospital setting for a neurological indication. Studies included those with human subjects that underwent ultrasound imaging. Imaging was completed by EMTs either in the field or while in transit to the hospital, by ambulance or helicopter. Studies where imaging was completed by someone other than an EMT in the field were excluded.
Ten studies met the inclusion criteria noted above. Only one demonstrated the use of ultrasound for a neurological indication. Nine studies showed EMTs were capable of providing consistent images in the field. One found lung scans acquired by EMTs inadequate. In all studies, images captured in the field were compared to repeat imaging by physicians in the hospital or standard hospital imaging modalities such as CT. Various methods were employed to educate EMTs on using and interpreting ultrasound, including lectures, pre and post-assessments, and ongoing education modules.
Handheld ultrasound performed by EMTs in a moving ambulance is intuitive, accessible, and has been shown to be capable of providing consistent images. Further studies are needed to understand the potential application of ultrasound for neurological indications in the prehospital setting.
Authors/Disclosures
Benjamin Malinda
PRESENTER
Mr. Malinda has nothing to disclose.
Aarti Sarwal, MD, FAAN (Medical Center Blvd) Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for Stimdia, Inc. Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for Critical Care Medicine. The institution of Dr. Sarwal has received research support from Butterfly, Inc. The institution of Dr. Sarwal has received research support from Bard. The institution of Dr. Sarwal has received research support from Biogen. The institution of Dr. Sarwal has received research support from Novartis. The institution of Dr. Sarwal has received research support from CVR Global. The institution of Dr. Sarwal has received research support from NIH/NIA R01 AG066910-01 . The institution of Dr. Sarwal has received research support from Image Monitoring. Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Speaker/Faculty, CME courses with Society of Critical Care Medicine . Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Speaker at annual congress with Intensive Care Society. Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Speaker at annual congress with Indian Society of Critical Care. Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Subject expert for thesis review with UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY . Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Research participation in clinical trial funded by AHRQ with MEDSTAR HEALTH RESEARCH INSTITUTE . Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a speaker/Faculty for Annual meeting, travel compensation with European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Speaker for CME event with Thomas Jefferson University . Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Visiting Professor with University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Speaker with ISICEM. Dr. Sarwal has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Associate Editor, Clinical Neuroimaging with American Society of Neuroimaging . Dr. Sarwal has a non-compensated relationship as a Social Media Editor with Neurocritical Care that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Sarwal has a non-compensated relationship as a Board of Directors with American Society of Neuroimaging that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Sarwal has a non-compensated relationship as a President with Association of Indian Neurologists in America that is relevant to AAN interests or activities.
Sahil Kapoor, MBBS Dr. Kapoor has nothing to disclose.