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Abstract Details

Interventions to Optimize Spinal Cord Perfusion in Patients with Acute Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: An Updated Systematic Review
Neuro Trauma and Critical Care
P14 - Poster Session 14 (11:45 AM-12:45 PM)
Interventions that aim to optimize spinal cord perfusion are thought to play an important role in minimizing secondary ischemic damage and improving outcomes in patients with acute traumatic SCIs. However, exactly how to optimize spinal cord perfusion and enhance neurologic recovery remains controversial. 

To conduct a  systematic review to evaluate the effects of Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) or Spinal Cord Perfusion Pressure (SCPP) support on neurological recovery and rates of adverse events among patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI).

We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE and ClinicalTrials.gov. Two reviewers independently screened articles, extracted data, and evaluated risk of bias. We implemented the GRADE approach to rate confidence in the quality of the evidence.

From 569 potentially relevant new citations since 2019, we identified 9 new studies for inclusion, which were combined with 19 studies from a prior review to give a total of 28 studies. According to low or very low quality evidence, the effect of MAP support on neurological recovery is uncertain, and increased SCPP may be associated with improved neurological recovery. Both approaches may involve risks for specific adverse events, but the severity of these events and their importance to patients remains unclear. Very low quality evidence failed to yield reliable guidance about particular monitoring techniques, perfusion ranges, pharmacological agents, or durations of treatment.

This update provides an evidence base to support the development of a new clinical practice guideline for the hemodynamic management of patients with acute traumatic SCI. While avoidance of hypotension and maintenance of spinal cord perfusion are important principles in the management of an acute SCI, the literature does not provide high quality evidence in support of a particular protocol. Further prospective, controlled research studies with objective validated outcome assessments are required to examine interventions to optimize spinal cord perfusion in this setting.

David Ethan Kahn, MD (NYU School of Medicine)
An immediate family member of Dr. Kahn has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Essai.
Lindsay Tetreault, MD, PhD (NYU Langone) Dr. Tetreault has nothing to disclose.