Log In

Forgot Password?

OR

Not a member? Continue as a nonmember.

Become a Member

By becoming a member of the AAN, you can receive exclusive information to help you at every stage of your career. Benefits include:

Join Now See All Benefits

Loading... please wait

Abstract Details

The impact of Myasthenia Gravis antibody status on pregnancy and neonatal outcomes
Neuromuscular and Clinical Neurophysiology (EMG)
P1 - Poster Session 1 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
10-007

Pregnancy has a variable effect on the course of MG.  Current knowledge describes an increased likelihood of flares in the first trimester and the postpartum period, an increased risk of caesarean section and ICU admission, transient neonatal MG and arthrogryposis. It's unknown if serological status impacts pregnancy and neonatal outcomes.

The objective of this study to assess the impact of Myasthenia Gravis (MG) serological status on pregnancy-related and neonatal outcomes.

An onlinesurvey was developed in conjunction with patient representatives from the MyastheniaGravis Foundation of America. Respondents who have (or had) ovaries, uterus, and/or cervix with a diagnosis of MG. For the current analysis, those with at least one pregnancy in prior 10 years were included. Information on disease course, pregnancy complications, antibody status, fetal and neonatal outcomes was collected.

 

157 opened the survey, and 142 met entry criteria for a response rate of 90%. 96 pregnancies were analyzed. MG symptoms appeared to worsen regardless of antibody status in the first trimester and postpartum. Antibody negative vs AchRAB and MUSK participants respectively, reported a greater risk of ICU admission (23% vs 16% and 12% , P =0.058 ) intubation ( 50% vs 4% and 17% P value 0.007) C-section ( 92% vs 23% and 42%, put p-0.001), neonatal MG rates (67% vs 8% and 0%,  P value 0.001), and unplanned pregnancy (75% vs 21% and 50% , put p-value 0.004).

This is the first know study of the association between negative serological status and poor pregnancy outcomes and although limited in size, may influence future preconception counselling and pregnancy monitoring. Highlighting the importance of interdisciplinary preconception and antenatal care including Neurology, Maternal-Fetal-Medicine and Neonatology. Findings of transient neonatal myasthenia gravis and arthrogryposis in seronegative individuals suggests that another, currently unknown antibody or biological process may be present in the seronegative group. Future, larger studies are warranted.

 

Authors/Disclosures
Mariam Al Hussona, MB BCh BAO
PRESENTER
Dr. Al Hussona has nothing to disclose.
Aaron E. Izenberg, MD (Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre) Dr. Izenberg has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Biogen. Dr. Izenberg has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Roche. Dr. Izenberg has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Genzyme. Dr. Izenberg has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexxion. Dr. Izenberg has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for alnylam.
Carolina Barnett Tapia, MD Dr. Barnett Tapia has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion. Dr. Barnett Tapia has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Argenx. Dr. Barnett Tapia has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for Sanofi. Dr. Barnett Tapia has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion. The institution of Dr. Barnett Tapia has received research support from Department of defense. The institution of Dr. Barnett Tapia has received research support from Muscular dystrophy canada. The institution of Dr. Barnett Tapia has received research support from MgNet. The institution of Dr. Barnett Tapia has received research support from NIH. Dr. Barnett Tapia has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care.
Anne Berndl (University of Toronto) Dr. Berndl has nothing to disclose.