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Abstract Details

Amyloid Myopathy as Initial Manifestation of ATTRwt: A Rare Phenomenon
Neuromuscular and Clinical Neurophysiology (EMG)
P9 - Poster Session 9 (5:30 PM-6:30 PM)

 Wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRwt) is an age-related progressive disease with limited treatment options. Cardiomyopathy and peripheral neuropathy are well-recognized manifestations of transthyretin (ATTRwt) amyloidosis but myopathy is rarely the initial presentation.

To describe a rare presentation of amyloid myopathy.
An 80-year-old man presented with slowly progressive bilateral lower limb weakness for over 5 years making him bedridden for one year. He denied any oculo-bulbar, sensory, or autonomic symptoms and reported no family history of neuromuscular disease. Physical examination revealed severe symmetric weakness of hip flexors and quadriceps and mild weakness of proximal arms bilaterally. Laboratory workup showed normal CK and  no myositis antibodies were detected. Screen for monoclonal protein was negative. EMG performed was consistent with an irritable chronic myopathic process predominantly affecting the proximal leg muscles, along with a mild length-dependent peripheral neuropathy.  Right quadriceps biopsy revealed fairly diffuse atrophic changes associated with focal amyloid deposition within adipose tissue and the blood vessel wall without any inflammation. Mass spectrometry suggested ATTR type amyloid and TTR genetic testing was negative confirming diagnosis of ATTRwt amyloid myopathy. A cardiac PYP scan showed diffusely increased myocardial uptake of the radiotracer. Patient was started on Tafamidis by cardiologist to slow disease progression.
Neurological manifestations of ATTRwt are being increasingly recognized but myopathy is rarely reported as an initial presentation. The clinical presentation of myopathy can mimic other relatively common neuromuscular disorders and hence a high index of suspicion and through workup is needed to confirm diagnosis. Patients can have concomitant cardiomyopathy, which is potentially treatable, and therefore increased awareness is required. Supportive therapy remains the mainstay of therapy for neurological involvement, but future studies can pave the way for targeted treatments.
Mario Bovino, MD (University of Chicago)
Dr. Bovino has nothing to disclose.
Jin Young (Weiss Memorial Hospital) Dr. Young has nothing to disclose.
Peter Pytel Peter Pytel has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as an Expert Witness for Colianni&Colianni. Peter Pytel has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care.
Nitin V. Nadkarni, MD (Center Neurological Disease) Dr. Nadkarni has nothing to disclose.
Pritikanta Paul, MD (University of California, San Francisco) Dr. Paul has nothing to disclose.