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Abstract Details

Fetal Neurology Practice Survey
Child Neurology and Developmental Neurology
P10 - Poster Session 10 (8:00 AM-9:00 AM)
4-001

Fetal neurology is a rapidly evolving subspecialty that centers on the diagnosis and treatment of neurologic conditions of the developing brain. Innovations in fetal diagnostic tools and therapies have resulted in an increased need for specialized training.  Prenatal diagnostic input with postnatal continuity of care can better address sequelae including developmental, behavioral, epileptic and mental health disorders.  Despite the growing need for fetal neurology services, little is known about the current practice.

To study the fetal neurology care delivery across centers in the US.

The Fetal Neurology Consortium (representatives from 9 sites across the US) distributed a survey characterizing fetal neurologic care delivery to practicing child neurologists using a Redcap database posted to the Child Neurology Society member website in November 2021 and March 2022. The results were summarized using descriptive statistics.

Representatives from 43 US institutions responded. Most centers had a fetal diagnostic center (n=38/43, 88%), with about half using a fetal neurology registry. Most performed fetal ultrasound and MRI on site. The annual fetal consultations ranged between <20 for 40% to >100 for 17%. About 50% of respondents were subspecialty trained. Earliest gestational age of fetal MRI was 16-19 weeks in 30% and 20-23 weeks in 30%. 25% of respondents participated in interdisciplinary consultations. Majority of the respondents followed neurodevelopment clinically. 91% were interested in participating in a collaborative national registry. The top-five priorities ranked by respondents were clinical guidelines, long-term follow-up data, imaging, practice improvement and prenatal counseling technique.

This survey highlights heterogeneity in fetal neurology practice, lack of standardization, and high demand for practice guidelines and education. Interdisciplinary collaborations will be crucial for relevant curriculum and program development, including increasing attention to healthcare disparities. This synergy among different disciplines will improve outcomes and may reduce the burden of neurological diseases with fetal origins across the lifespan.

Authors/Disclosures
Tomo Tarui, MD (Hasbro Children's Hospital, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University)
PRESENTER
Dr. Tarui has nothing to disclose.
Charulata Venkatesan, MD, PhD (Cincinnati Children'S Hospital Medical Center) Dr. Venkatesan has nothing to disclose.
Dawn L. Gano, MD (University of CA SF) Dr. Gano has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Expert Witness for Clifford Law Offices. The institution of Dr. Gano has received research support from Cerebral Palsy Alliance Research Foundation.
Monica E. Lemmon, MD Dr. Lemmon has received research support from NINDS. Dr. Lemmon has received research support from BAND foundation. Dr. Lemmon has received research support from Doris Duke Charitable Foundation. Dr. Lemmon has received research support from Child Neurology Society.
Sarah Beth Mulkey, MD, PhD (Children's National Hospital) The institution of Dr. Mulkey has received research support from Thrasher Research Fund. The institution of Dr. Mulkey has received research support from Centers of Disease Control. The institution of Dr. Mulkey has received research support from National Institutes of Health.
Andrea Pardo, MD (Ann and Robert Lurie Children'S Hospital of Chicago) The institution of Dr. Pardo has received research support from UCB Biosciences. The institution of Dr. Pardo has received research support from The Patrick G. and Shirley W. Ryan Foundation . The institution of Dr. Pardo has received research support from NINDS- Stroke Trials Network. The institution of Dr. Pardo has received research support from NINDS-I-ACQUIRE. The institution of Dr. Pardo has received research support from NINDS- VIPS-II.
Lisa T. Emrick, MD (Department of Neurology & Developmental Neuroscience) Dr. Emrick has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as an Expert Witness for Arkema. The institution of Dr. Emrick has received research support from Lysogene. The institution of Dr. Emrick has received research support from PTC. The institution of Dr. Emrick has received research support from Roche. The institution of Dr. Emrick has received research support from NIH.
Mark S. Scher, MD (University Hospitals of Cleveland) Dr. Scher has nothing to disclose.
Sonika Agarwal, MD, FAAN (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) Dr. Agarwal has nothing to disclose.