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Abstract Details

A Novel Homozygous Variant in the CHRNE Gene in 2 Siblings with Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome
Child Neurology and Developmental Neurology
P9 - Poster Session 9 (5:30 PM-6:30 PM)
4-009

A 17-year-old female and a 9-year-old male born to consanguineous parents, with no significant perinatal complications or family history, developed predominantly proximal weakness around 4-5 years of age. The sister additionally developed bilateral fatigable ptosis. Both siblings underwent genetic testing that revealed a homozygous mutation in the CHRNE gene for a variant of uncertain clinical significance, c.322C>T (p.Pro108Ser). Since the mutation was in the CHRNE gene, which codes for the epsilon subunit of the acetylcholine receptor, the brother was initially treated with fluoxetine, which had no response. The sister was previously treated with pseudoephedrine for 2 weeks without response. Both siblings began a trial of pyridostigmine and showed improvement of their symptoms, contrary to slow-channel mutation cases that can worsen with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. EMG/NCS with RNS on the sister was performed 48 hours after stopping pyridostigmine and showed significant decrements on RNS of the left facial nerve and left spinal accessory nerve.

To report a homozygous variant of uncertain significance in the CHRNE gene in two siblings presenting with symptoms consistent with congenital myasthenic syndrome that is responsive to pyridostigmine.

Not applicable

Not applicable

Two siblings born to consanguineous parents both shared a homozygous mutation in the CHRNE gene, presenting similarly with symptoms consistent with congenital myasthenic syndrome, responded favorably to pyridostigmine. Given then, we rationalize that the homozygous c.322C>T (p.Pro108Ser) variant in the CHRNE gene causes an acetylcholine receptor deficiency type of congenital myasthenic syndrome.

Authors/Disclosures
Cassie Naomi Chan, MD (Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center)
PRESENTER
Dr. Chan has nothing to disclose.
Lucy K. Emery (Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine) Ms. Emery has nothing to disclose.
Ermal Aliu Ermal Aliu has nothing to disclose.
Sunil C. Naik, MD (Penn State Children's Hospital) Dr. Naik has nothing to disclose.
Dustin Jacob Paul, DO (Penn State Pediatric Neurology) Dr. Paul has nothing to disclose.
Ashutosh Kumar, MD (Penn State Health) Dr. Kumar has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for PTC therapeutics. Dr. Kumar has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sarepta. Dr. Kumar has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Roche. Dr. Kumar has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen. Dr. Kumar has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. Dr. Kumar has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for PTC therapeutics. Dr. Kumar has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as an officer or member of the Board of Directors for American Academy of Pediatrics. The institution of Dr. Kumar has received research support from PTC therapeutics. The institution of Dr. Kumar has received research support from Sarepta Therapeutics. The institution of Dr. Kumar has received research support from Novartis/Avexis. The institution of Dr. Kumar has received research support from Fibrogen . The institution of Dr. Kumar has received research support from Biohaven. The institution of Dr. Kumar has received research support from Genentech. The institution of Dr. Kumar has received research support from MDA. Dr. Kumar has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Draft Report Reviewer/consultant with ECRI/Atheneum/QTC commercial services LLC/Connected Research and consulting/Vox.Bio.