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Abstract Details

Sex Disparities in a Telestroke Network: From Treatment Times to Outcomes
Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology
P8 - Poster Session 8 (5:30 PM-6:30 PM)
5-021
The structure of the stroke care delivery system in rural South Carolina has been changed by tele-stroke with >40 spoke sites with improved treatment times and outcomes, but disparities at level of primary stroke centers and acute stroke ready hospitals have not been well studied.
Retrospectively analyze data from the tele-stroke network for sex differences in stroke care processes at spoke sites to identify disparities in treatment times and outcomes between men and women.  

Data was analyzed for 21,549 patients between 1/1/2012 and 12/31/2022 for whom a telestroke was paged out. Analysis was completed using SPSS version 28 (IBM corporation, Armonk, NY). Continuous outcomes were assessed using independent samples median tests and categorical variables were assessed using X².

Of 10,713 (49.7%) males and 10,836 (50.3%) females, females were older (68.29±15.5 vs 66.09±13.7, p<0.01) and more likely to be to be African American (20.4% vs16.8%, p<0.05) compared to males. Females were more likely to get thrombolytics (29.06% vs 27.2%, p<0.05) but there was no difference in endovascular therapy between both sexes. Treatment times showed door-to-registration (F: 18±27 vs M: 17±26, p<0.05) and door to telestroke page timing (F: 22±27 vs M: 20±26, p<0.05) was higher in females compared to males with door-to-needle time having the expected disparity between men and women (F: 59±36 vs M: 55±35, p<0.05). Women also had significantly higher mean discharge NIHSS (M: 4.17±6.20 vs F: 4.61±6.70 (p<0.001) and mRS score (M:2.24±1.93 vs F:2.43±1.95 (p<0.001)). More males were discharged home (62.4% vs 60.4%, (p<0.001) and more females were discharged to nursing home (8.1% vs 6.2%, p<0.001) and hospice (3.9% vs 2.9%, p<0.001). 
Females are older at the time of stroke onset, have longer times to treatment, poorer outcomes and discharge dispositions. Findings highlight the opportunities to ameliorate sex disparities in developing telestroke networks in the United States.
Authors/Disclosures
McKay E. Hanna, MD
PRESENTER
Dr. Hanna has nothing to disclose.
Henry Sam No disclosure on file
Mathew Gregoski (MUSC) No disclosure on file
Ashley M. Wabnitz, MD The institution of Dr. Wabnitz has received research support from NIH.
Sami Alkasab, MD (University of Iowa) No disclosure on file
Katharine Larson (Medical University of South Carolina) No disclosure on file
Christine Holmstedt, DO Dr. Holmstedt has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Astrazeneca. The institution of Dr. Holmstedt has received research support from NIH. The institution of Dr. Holmstedt has received research support from Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. The institution of Dr. Holmstedt has received research support from CSPC Pharmaceuticals . Dr. Holmstedt has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Study Adjudicator with Ischemia Care.
Parneet K. Grewal, MD (Medical University of South Carolina) Dr. Grewal has nothing to disclose.