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Abstract Details

Effect of Concomitant Antiseizure Medications on the Safety and Efficacy of Ganaxolone for the Treatment of Seizures Associated with CDKL5 Deficiency Disorder (CDD): Findings from the Phase 3 MARIGOLD Study
Epilepsy/Clinical Neurophysiology (EEG)
P8 - Poster Session 8 (5:30 PM-6:30 PM)
CDD is a developmental and epileptic encephalopathy characterized by global developmental impairment and early-onset, refractory seizures. In Marigold, ganaxolone significantly reduced seizures associated with CDD. Major motor seizure frequency (MMSF) was reduced with ganaxolone treatment by a difference of 27.1% over placebo.
Here we report the safety and efficacy of ganaxolone in patient subgroups who were taking the most frequently-used concomitant antiseizure medications (ASMs) in the Marigold Study (NCT03572933).
N=101 patients with CDD aged 2-19 were enrolled in the study. Patients were permitted to take ≤4 concomitant ASMs during the study. The four most frequently-used ASMs were valproate (n=34), levetiracetam (n=26), clobazam (n=25), and vigabatrin (n=24). Efficacy was assessed by the placebo-adjusted percent reduction in MMSF during the 17-week treatment period versus baseline. Safety outcomes included treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs).
The greatest placebo-adjusted percent reductions in MMSF were observed in patients who were taking clobazam or valproate; a 53.4% (28.1, 83.1) and 46.1% (13.4, 78.2) Hodges-Lehmann difference (95% CI) was observed in these groups, respectively. The difference was 15.9% (-19.4, 76.8) and 14.2% (-13.2, 37.3) in patients who were taking vigabatrin and levetiracetam, respectively. TEAEs and SAEs were similar in ganaxolone-treated patients across all concomitant ASM subgroups. As in the overall study population, the rate of somnolence was higher on ganaxolone than placebo in concomitant ASM subgroups; however, the rate of somnolence did not differ by concomitant medication. 
Placebo-adjusted reduction in MMSF was larger for patients who were taking concomitant clobazam or valproate. However, these results may be confounded by baseline differences in patient characteristics in concomitant ASM subgroups and varying placebo responses.  Safety findings were comparable with different concomitant ASMs. Further research could provide insight on the impact of concomitant medications on the efficacy and safety of ganaxolone therapy in patients with CDD.

No disclosure on file
No disclosure on file
Rajsekar R. Rajaraman, MD (UCLA Medical Center) Dr. Rajaraman has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Marinus Pharmacueticals.
No disclosure on file
Joseph Hulihan, Jr., MD (Marinus Pharmaceuticals) Dr. Hulihan has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of MARINUS PHARMACEUTICALS. Dr. Hulihan has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for ZYNERBA PHARMACEUTICALS.
No disclosure on file