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Abstract Details

Long-term Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Subcutaneous Efgartigimod PH20 in Participants with Generalized Myasthenia Gravis: Interim Results of the ADAPT-SC+ Study
Neuromuscular and Clinical Neurophysiology (EMG)
P10 - Poster Session 10 (11:45 AM-12:45 PM)
11-008

In the ADAPT-SC study, efgartigimod PH20 SC was shown to have noninferior total IgG reduction to efgartigimod IV, resulting in similar clinical improvement in participants with gMG. Participants completing ADAPT-SC or enrolled in ADAPT+ (efgartigimod IV OLE) were eligible for the ongoing ADAPT-SC+ OLE.

Evaluate long-term safety, tolerability, and efficacy of subcutaneous (SC) efgartigimod PH20 (coformulated with recombinant human hyaluronidase PH20) in participants with generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG) enrolled in the ADAPT-SC+ open-label extension (OLE) study.

Efgartigimod PH20 SC 1000 mg was administered in cycles of 4 once-weekly injections. Subsequent cycles were initiated ≥28 days from the last dose based on clinical evaluation. Myasthenia Gravis Activities of Daily Living (MG-ADL) score assessed clinical efficacy. 

As of December 2022, 179 participants received ≥1 dose of efgartigimod PH20 SC, with an average of ≈6 treatment cycles over a mean (SD) study duration of 413 (105) days, resulting in 193 patient-years of observation. Adverse events (AEs) were predominantly mild/moderate. Most frequent AEs were injection site erythema (29.1%), COVID-19 (22.3%), and headache (20.1%). Injection site reactions were mild/moderate, did not lead to treatment discontinuation, and decreased in incidence with subsequent cycles from 34.6% (n=62/179) in Cycle 1 to 11.5% (n=14/122) in Cycle 6. Improvement from cycle baseline (mean [SE] improvement at Week 4) was observed in Cycle 1 in MG-ADL total score (-4.1 [0.27]), Myasthenia Gravis Quality of Life 15-Item Questionnaire, Revised (MG-QoL15r) (-5.1 [0.44]), and EuroQoL 5-Dimension, 5-Level (EQ-5D-5L) (13.8 [1.54]), with consistent and repeatable improvements seen through Cycle 9. Observed improvements were similar to those seen with efgartigimod IV during ADAPT/ADAPT+.

Treatment with multiple cycles of efgartigimod PH20 SC was well tolerated and efficacious, consistent with efgartigimod IV in ADAPT/ADAPT+.

Authors/Disclosures
James F. Howard, Jr., MD, FAAN (The University of North Carolina, Dept of Neurology, CB 7025)
PRESENTER
Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for arenx . Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion Pharmaceuticals. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Ra Pharma (now UCB Biosciences). Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Horizon Therapeutics. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sanofi US. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Academic CME. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for PeerView CME. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Platform Q CME. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Zai Laboratories. Dr. Howard has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Medscape CME. Dr. Howard has stock in General Electric dividends. Dr. Howard has stock in Johnson & Johnson dividends. Dr. Howard has stock in Pfizer dividends. An immediate family member of Dr. Howard has stock in GlaxoSmithKline dividends. An immediate family member of Dr. Howard has stock in GE Healthcare dividends. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from Alexion Pharmaceuticals. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from argenx . The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from UCB Biosciences. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from NIH. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from Centers for Disease Control/Research Triangle Institute. The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from Duke University (DCRI). The institution of Dr. Howard has received research support from Cartestian Therapeutics. Dr. Howard has a non-compensated relationship as a Scientific Advisiory Board member, Committee member with Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Howard has a non-compensated relationship as a Committee member with American Assoc Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine that is relevant to AAN interests or activities.
Yuebing Li, MD, PhD, FAAN (Cleveland Clinic) Dr. Li has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Argenx. Dr. Li has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Catalyst. Dr. Li has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Immunovant. Dr. Li has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion. The institution of Dr. Li has received research support from Argenx.
Tuan H. Vu, MD (University of South Florida) Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Dianthus. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for ImmunAbs. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for ARGENX. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for UCB. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Alexion. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for CSL Behring. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for AbbVie. Dr. Vu has received personal compensation in the range of $50,000-$99,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Argenx. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from CSL Behring. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Alexion. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from RA Pharma/UCB. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Mass Gen Hospital/Healy Platform Study. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Amylyx Pharma. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from ARGENX. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Annexon. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Horizon. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Woolsey Pharma. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from CSL Behring. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Cartesian Therapeutics. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Janssen/Momenta. The institution of Dr. Vu has received research support from Immunovant.
Denis Korobko (State Novosibirsk Regional clinical hospital) No disclosure on file
Sophie Steeland (argenx) No disclosure on file
Benjamin Van Hoorick No disclosure on file
Jana Podhorna (argenx) No disclosure on file
Moana Hodari (ARGX) No disclosure on file
Kimiaki Utsugisawa, MD, PhD (Hanamaki General Hospital) Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for argenx. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for UCB pharma. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Janssen pharma. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Viela Bio. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Chugai. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Mitsubisi Tanabe pharma. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for argenx. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Alexion phama. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for Japan Blood Products Organization. Dr. Utsugisawa has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for UCB.
Francesco Sacca, MD (University Federico II) Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Alexion. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Argenx. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Lexeo. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Genpharm. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Medpharma. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Madison Pharma. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Zai Lab. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Dianthus. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Reata. Dr. Sacca has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sandoz. The institution of Dr. Sacca has received research support from AIFA. The institution of Dr. Sacca has received research support from FARA.
Heinz Wiendl, MD, FAAN (University of Muenster) Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Bristol Myers Squibb. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Roche. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sanofi. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Immunovant. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Johnson&Johnson / Janssen. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for UCB. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for Idorsia. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Argenx. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Immunic. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Merck. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for NexGen. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Worldwide Clinical Trials. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for BD. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Lundbeck. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Gossamer Bio. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for LTS. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Samsung. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Sangamo. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Merck Serono. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Novartis. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Janssen. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Argenx. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Bristol Myers Squibb. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sandoz. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sandoz-Hexal. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Cellerys. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Dianthus. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Toleranzia. Dr. Wiendl has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Uniqure. The institution of Dr. Wiendl has received research support from Biogen. The institution of Dr. Wiendl has received research support from Roche. The institution of Dr. Wiendl has received research support from Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. The institution of Dr. Wiendl has received research support from European Union. The institution of Dr. Wiendl has received research support from Argenx. The institution of Dr. Wiendl has received research support from CSL Behring. The institution of Dr. Wiendl has received research support from Merck. The institution of Dr. Wiendl has received research support from UCB. Dr. Wiendl has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care. Dr. Wiendl has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care.
Jan L. De Bleecker, MD, PhD, FAAN (Neurology/University Hospital) Dr. De Bleecker has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for ArgNX. Dr. De Bleecker has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for Biogen. Dr. De Bleecker has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for UCB. Dr. De Bleecker has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sanofi. Dr. De Bleecker has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Biogen. Dr. De Bleecker has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for CSL Behring. Dr. De Bleecker has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for UCB. Dr. De Bleecker has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alnylam. Dr. De Bleecker has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Janssen pharmaceuticals.
Renato Mantegazza, MD Dr. Mantegazza has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alexion. Dr. Mantegazza has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for UCB. Dr. Mantegazza has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for argenx. Dr. Mantegazza has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Sanofi. Dr. Mantegazza has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Speakers Bureau for SERB. The institution of Dr. Mantegazza has received research support from Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc.