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Abstract Details

Investigating Black/African-American Medical Student Interest in Neurology as a Profession
Education, Research, and Methodology
P6 - Poster Session 6 (5:30 PM-6:30 PM)
15-001

Currently, 2.8% of U.S. neurologists identify as Black/African-American. Previous studies have not fully explored factors associated with decisions among URiM students to pursue neurology as a specialty. Understanding these factors is critical as the field seeks to diversify.

The purpose of this study is to assess the factors involved in considering neurology as a subspeciality, among medical students who identify as Black/African-American.

A 27-question survey was created with the Qualtrics platform to assess beliefs about neurology and values that may guide choice in subspecialty decision making. The survey was sent nationally to various student groups, including the Student National Medical Association (SNMA), Students Interested in Neurology Groups (SIGN). Survey items were scores on a 1 to 5 Likert scale (1 = “strongly disagree”, 5 = “strongly agree”). An analysis of nonparametric variables (ie. Mann-Whitney U test) was conducted at a 95% confidence interval and descriptive statistics were used.

A subgroup of 76 Black/African-American medical students across all 4 years of medical school completed the survey; 97.4% were aged 18 -34, 70.7% were female, 32.9% were first-generation, and 22.4% were interested in neurology. Of the overall complete responders (n=59), the most important values reported as agree/strongly when considering neurology as a subspeciality including opportunities to work with diverse patient populations (95%), community engagement/underrepresented communities (89.9%), length of neurology (83%), and level of interventions to address systemic bias and reduce health disparity (81.4%). Several differences were noted by choice in neurology: 1) perception of work/life balance and future family planning, 2) research opportunities, competitiveness, and length of training, 3) inclusivity and available interventions to address systemic bias. 

 

In our survey, several themes emerged between factors of Black/African-American medical students based on choice to pursue neurology. Understanding these factors may help in aligning values with efforts to increase diversity, inclusion, and equity.

Authors/Disclosures
Krisna S. Maddy (University of Miami Miller School of Medicine - - Miami, FL)
PRESENTER
Ms. Maddy has nothing to disclose.
Uche C. Ezeh Mr. Ezeh has nothing to disclose.
Ralph L. Sacco, MD, MS, FAHA Dr. Sacco has received personal compensation in the range of $100,000-$499,999 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for American Heart Association. The institution of Dr. Sacco has received research support from NIH, NINDS, NCATS, NIMHD. The institution of Dr. Sacco has received research support from FL Department of Health. Dr. Sacco has received research support from University of Washington, Seattle. Dr. Sacco has received publishing royalties from a publication relating to health care.
Teshamae Monteith, MD, FAAN (University of Miami) Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for Abbvie. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for LinPharma. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $5,000-$9,999 for serving as a Consultant for Novartis. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for HMP Global . Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for American Headache Society . Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Consultant for Pfizer. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for e-Neura. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Consultant for Abbvie. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as a Consultant for Merz. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Lundbeck. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alder. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Alder. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving on a Scientific Advisory or Data Safety Monitoring board for Teva . Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for AAN . Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for AAN. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $0-$499 for serving as an Editor, Associate Editor, or Editorial Advisory Board Member for AAN . The institution of Dr. Monteith has received research support from AbbVie. The institution of Dr. Monteith has received research support from Amgen. The institution of Dr. Monteith has received research support from Teva. The institution of Dr. Monteith has received research support from Electrocore. The institution of Dr. Monteith has received research support from Novartis . The institution of Dr. Monteith has received research support from Amgen. The institution of Dr. Monteith has received research support from lilly. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Education with Medscape. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Education with Massachusetts Medical Society . Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Education with Academic CME. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $10,000-$49,999 for serving as a Education with Rockpointe. Dr. Monteith has received personal compensation in the range of $500-$4,999 for serving as a Speaker with Neuodiem. Dr. Monteith has a non-compensated relationship as a President Elect with Florida Society of Neurology that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Monteith has a non-compensated relationship as a Editorial Board with American Migraine Foundation that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Monteith has a non-compensated relationship as a Board Member with International Headache Society that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Monteith has a non-compensated relationship as a author with Pfizer that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Monteith has a non-compensated relationship as a author with Abbvie that is relevant to AAN interests or activities. Dr. Monteith has a non-compensated relationship as a author with Theranica that is relevant to AAN interests or activities.