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Abstract Details

Women and Stroke: Disparities in Clinical Presentations, Severity, and Short and Long-Term Outcome
Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology
P6 - Poster Session 6 (5:30 PM-6:30 PM)
There is limited data on sex-related short-term and long-term stroke outcomes from the Middle East. We present the eight years of our Qatar stroke database. 

The Qatar stroke database is a prospective study, which began enrolling patients in 2014. We collected data on the demographics, clinical presentation, investigations, treatments, hospital complications and outcome (measured as 90-days modified Rankin Score [mRS]) on all patients admitted with acute stroke to the Hamad General Hospital where ~95% of stroke patients in Qatar are admitted. Multivariate analysis of risk factors, stroke type and severity, and in-hospital complications were compared to determine 90-days and one-year outcome in men and women.

7300 patients (F: 1406 {19.3%} and M: 4894 {80.7%}, mean age 55.1±13.3 {F 61.6±15.1, M 53.5±12.3; p<0.001}) were admitted with acute ischemic stroke. Significantly fewer females presented within the 4.5 hours of onset [F: 29% versus M:  32.8%; p = 0.01]. Women had more severe stroke [NIHSS >10; F: 19.9 % versus M:  14.5 %; P <0.001]. Thrombolysis was less likely to be offered to women [F: 9.8% versus M: 12.1%; p 0.02]. Medical complications were more common in women [F: 11.7% versus M: 7.4%; p<0.001] and females had a prolonged length of stay in hospital [F: 6.4±7.6 versus M: 5.5±6.8; p<0.001]. 90-days good recovery was less frequent in women [mRS of 0-2: F: 53.3% versus M: 71.2%; p<0.001]. Poor prognosis increased with age.

In this large series of prospectively collected acute stroke patients from Qatar, our study reveals that women are more likely to have a poor outcome when compared to men. Although there was a higher incidence of obesity and previous CAD in women, we were unable to explain the reasons for the poor outcome at 90 days and one year.

Hiba Naveed, MD (Gateway Lofts Lansing)
Ms. Naveed has nothing to disclose.
Muna B. Almasri Miss Almasri has nothing to disclose.
Bahram Kazani (UTHealth Science Center, McGovern Medical School) Mr. Kazani has nothing to disclose.
Areej Nauman (Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar) Miss Nauman has nothing to disclose.
No disclosure on file
Salman Al Jerdi, MD (Weill Cornell Medicine - Qatar) Dr. Al Jerdi has nothing to disclose.
Naveed Akhtar, MD, FAAN (Hamad Medical Corporation) Dr. Akhtar has nothing to disclose.
Ashfaq Shuaib, MD (Div of Neurology) Dr. Shuaib has nothing to disclose.