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Abstract Details

Next Generation Prodrug Troriluzole: Increased Bioavailability of Riluzole with No Food Effect in Healthy Subjects
Neuromuscular and Clinical Neurophysiology (EMG)
S5 - ALS and CMT: New Therapeutic Approaches (4:30 PM-4:42 PM)
Troriluzole, a novel, optimized, oral prodrug of the glutamate modulating agent riluzole
(approved for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), was rationally designed to overcome
significant first-pass metabolism, dose-dependent transaminase elevations, low oral
bioavailability (BA), high PK variability and negative food effect (FE) with dosing.
Evaluate FE on riluzole after oral administration of troriluzole
(BHV4157-101, BHV4157-105) and BA of riluzole from troriluzole vs oral riluzole
(BHV4157-107) in Phase 1 clinical studies.
All three studies assessed single dose troriluzole in healthy subjects. BHV4157-101
(N=6) and BHV4157-105 (N=20) assessed FE on riluzole administered as troriluzole
(200 and 280 mg, respectively). BHV4157-107 (N=24) assessed relative BA of riluzole
from troriluzole (equimolar dose of 100 and therapeutic dose of 280 mg) vs oral riluzole
50 mg. Riluzole PK parameters were calculated by noncompartmental analysis.
In BHV4157-101 and 105, riluzole median Tmax was delayed by 1.25-1.4 hours and Cmax
was reduced 22-38%; however, riluzole AUC was unaffected by food. Riluzole AUC0-inf
values were 40% and 50% higher after troriluzole 100 mg and 280 mg, respectively vs
oral riluzole 50 mg (BHV4157-107). After troriluzole, riluzole Cmax was similar and Tmax
delayed by 1 hour vs riluzole (median Tmax 1.99 vs 0.824 hours). Riluzole variability was
consistently lower after troriluzole (AUC CV ~40% vs 54%).
Absorption of riluzole from troriluzole was not impacted by food. Troriluzole displayed
higher riluzole BA (80-90%) vs oral riluzole (60%), suggesting that troriluzole bypasses
first pass metabolism and lowers the initial liver burden of riluzole. Delayed plasma
appearance and lower variability of riluzole represents an optimized profile allowing
once daily administration. The lack of FE, higher oral BA, and once daily dosing with
troriluzole confer important PK enhancements versus riluzole.
Heather Sevinsky (Biohaven)
No disclosure on file
Rachel Rozakis No disclosure on file
Tracy Nepomuceno (Biohaven) No disclosure on file
Jo Ann Malatesta (Certara Inc.) No disclosure on file
Bharat Awsare (Biohaven) No disclosure on file
Eric Ashbrenner No disclosure on file
Stephen Kaplita (Biohaven Pharmaceuticals) No disclosure on file
Kimberly Gentile No disclosure on file
Betty Hussey (Allucent) No disclosure on file
Irfan Qureshi, MD (Biohaven Pharmaceuticals) Dr. Qureshi has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Biohaven. Dr. Qureshi has stock in Biohaven Pharmaceuticals.
Vladimir Coric Vladimir Coric has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Biohaven. Vladimir Coric has received personal compensation in the range of $1,000,000+ for serving as an officer or member of the Board of Directors for Bioahven. Vladimir Coric has stock in Biohaven. Vladimir Coric has received intellectual property interests from a discovery or technology relating to health care.
Richard Bertz (Biohaven Pharmaceuticals) Richard Bertz has received personal compensation for serving as an employee of Biohaven Pharmaceuticals. Richard Bertz has stock in Biohaven Pharmaceuticals.